bastard

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bastard,

person born out of wedlock whose legal status is illegitimacy. In civil lawcivil law,
as used in this article, a modern legal system based upon Roman law, as distinguished from common law. Civil law is based on written legal codes, a hallmark of the Roman legal system, in which disputes were settled by reference to a written legal code arrived at
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 countries and in about half the states of the United States, the union of the parents in marriage after birth makes the child legitimate. It is presumed that any child born to a married woman, or within competent time after termination of the marriage, is the child of her husband. If, however, it can be proved that it was physically impossible for the husband to have been the father (e.g., because of nonaccess to the wife), he may bring action to establish the illegitimacy of the child. Unlike civil law, which granted bastards certain rights, English common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 treated them almost as persons outside the law and left their care to poorhouses. At common law bastards have no right to inherit property from their mother or father except by specific designation (e.g., in a will). In the mid-20th cent. their condition has been much improved by statute. Discrimination against children born out of wedlock is now subject to constitutional limitation under the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment. For the status of children born to annulled marriages, see nullity of marriagenullity of marriage,
in law, an unlawful marriage that is either void or voidable because of conditions existing at the time of the marriage. A bigamous or incestuous marriage, for example, is void, and there is no need to bring a suit to obtain a decree declaring it void.
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; husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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. See also legitimationlegitimation,
act of giving the status of legitimacy to a child whose parents were not married at the time the child was born. This is generally accomplished by the subsequent marriage of the parents.
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.

bastard

A nonstandard item; one of irregular or abnormal size or shape or of inferior quality.

bastard

a hybrid, esp an accidental or inferior one
References in periodicals archive ?
53) For the problem of bastardy as presented in Greek tragedy see also E.
These bastardy cases involving seafarer fathers were no different from the many similar ones in, say, Bristol, London or any other British port, rather than reflecting on the male convict population as rotten partners and irresponsible fathers.
I welcome the recent seemingly 'Damascus Road' conversion of our beloved leader Tony Blair, when recently I felt motivated to put down the following question at a county council meeting: 'State subsidised bastardy as an attractive career option has hastened our once Christian Nation's slide into moral, social and economy decadence, when we now see 15-year-old mothers, 30-year-old grandmothers and 45-year-old great grandmothers, many of our young people never having the benefits of experiencing male role models of quality in their homes.
It may one day be reduced to a historical footnote alongside papal bastardy, papal intrigue and murder, and papal induced cruelties of the Crusades, an Inquisition, and the Thirty Years War.
Even Fremont's bastardy was brought into the electioneering.
206) For example, illicit sexuality was on the rise during this period, as premarital pregnancy rates were at 40%, but this fact was regarded with greater tolerance, as bastardy became a less stigmatized condition.
Henry Miller (1991: 22) notes that historically the vagrant was seen as a person of "many vices and debilities; was sickly and suffered from the ravages of tuberculosis, typhus, cholera, scrofula, rickets, and other disorders too numerous to mention; was apt to be a member of the despised races; [and whose] life was characterized by all the usual depravities: sexual license, bastardy, prostitution, theft.
Bastardy laws of this era aimed to restrict child-bearing to married couples by penalizing children who were born out of wedlock.
The Ladies, in their anxious wish to secure the rights and privileges of their hopeful offspring, informed her Majesty that the law in question "is monstrously unjust to our daughters, particularly in the bastardy clauses; for it will of necessity, drive them to commit suicide and child murder
Americans may find it surprising that most of the people wallowing in this slough of ignorance, illiteracy, promiscuity, bastardy, intoxication, vice, folly, lawlessness, and hopelessness are white English people.
Many states criminalized offenses such as fornication (sexual relations with an unmarried partner) and bastardy (fathering a child out of wedlock).
As she comments, the custodial right of unmarried mothers "was meant to reflect the stigma of bastardy and the poverty of the unmarried mother's status.