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A building equipped with bathing facilities: a small structure containing rooms or lockers for bathers, as at the seaside.



premises equipped for washing the body with the simultaneous action of water and hot air (in Turkish and Roman baths) or steam (in Russian baths). In Russia, as in many other countries, bathhouses were widespread from ancient times; they are mentioned by the chronicler Nestor (11th century).

The construction of bathhouses in the USSR is carried out according to standard layouts accommodating 50–300 people in cities and 10–50 people in urban-type settlements and rural localities. Depending on their arrangement, bathhouses may be classified as ordinary, disinfection center type, or combination bathhouses; buildings furnished only with showers—known as shower baths—which are sometimes installed in summer pavilions, are also built. Modern bathhouses may have swimming pools, rooms for physical therapy, and disinfection chambers. So-called steam rooms, in which the temperature reaches 40–50° C and the relative humidity is 90 percent, are also widespread. In some bathhouses there are separate rooms with dry heat. The layout of a bathhouse depends on its purpose.

In bathhouses of the disinfection center type, which are intended for sanitary processing, the bathers’ dirty clothes are disinfected and clean underwear is issued. During the Great Patriotic War bath trains, dugout baths, and portable shower installations were widespread.

In determining the size of a bathhouse, the space needed for one person is computed as 0.35 sq m for the cloakroom and vestibule, 0.75 sq m for the waiting and cooling-off rooms, 1.3–1.4 sq m for the dressing rooms, 2.25–2.40 sq m for the soaping rooms, 3.5 sq m for the showers, and 6 sq m for the steam rooms. Not less than 150 liters of water are used per person in the bathhouse; the shower facilities use 400–600 liters per hour; a bath with a shower requires 550 liters per hour.

Washing in the bathhouse affects the whole organism. In the steam room the body almost completely stops emitting heat; its temperature goes up to 38–39° C, as a result of which oxidizing processes and metabolism increase in the organism. Intensive secretion of sweat (in the steam room and dry heat compartment) promotes removal from the organism of the end products of metabolism and eases the work of the kidneys. Under the influence of high air temperature the dilated skin capillaries become filled with blood diverted from internal organs, thereby promoting the elimination of manifestations of congestion and improving the circulation of the blood. In healthy young people the alternating action of heat and cold, accompanied by the dilation and constriction of skin capillaries, has a beneficial effect on the blood pressure and cardiac activity. For persons with organic heart diseases, arteriosclerosis, aneurysms, hypertonic diseases, and so forth, as well as for children, use of the steam room is harmful.



1. A building equipped with bathing facilities.
2. A small structure containing dressing rooms or lockers for bathers, as at the seaside.
References in periodicals archive ?
Talal Osman, who runs a bakery next door to the hammam, says he knows its history only from stories told by his grandmother, who would go there with her friends when it was a bathhouse for women.
The bathhouses included four halls built of basalt stone as they were carved with great preciseness and huge sizes in the shape of regular bonds with the same height.
The natural, thermal waters provide relaxation and healing to hundreds of thousands of guests annually at the two bathhouse/ spas on world famous Bathhouse Row and in several of the city's spacious hotels.
The revolt had been led by an Albanian boilerman, which meant that no sooner had it been quashed than the sultan ruled that in future all bathhouse staff would have to be selected from a cluster of villages in the Tokat-Sivas area, a quirk of history of which GE-l might or might not have been aware.
It also says bathhouses should ban people with sexually transmitted diseases and infectious skin conditions.
The bathhouse was abandoned by its old owners and it became a hangout for the city's petty criminals, until it was bought by Hajj Oakel who renewed and restored it to its former glory.
When I inherited this bathhouse from my father some 40 years ago, its clients came from all different classes, including the aristocrats and celebrated entertainers," says Abdul Rahman, known to his neighbours as Haj Mustafa.
Some men may visit bathhouses at times other than the designated testing periods and/ or they may feel uncomfortable disclosing intimate details of their sexual histories to sexual health nurses within these environments (Holmes & O'Byrne, 2006; Hogben, Bloom, MacFarlane, St Lawrence, Malotte & GCAP, 2004; Malta, Bastos, Stathdee, Cunningham, Pilotto, & Kerrigan, 2007).
CDC-Backed Study Conducted in LA-Area Bathhouses Showed an Alarming 11% HIV Positive Rate Among Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) in Los Angeles' Commercial Sex Venues (CSVs); New County DHS Regulations Took Effect March 1st 2006; Club Owners Immediately Filed Lawsuit on March 3 2006
Now in an updated fourth edition, Hiking Hot Springs in the Pacific Northwest is a no-nonsense travel guide to exploring the mountains of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and British Columbia for unique geothermal experiences, from streamside pools to hand-crafted bathhouses and much more.
asks former Jesuit Robert Goss, who said his sexual experiences at bathhouses mirrored his early days at Harvard Divinity School.
In Germany, the Czech Republic, and Hungary, for example, the spa culture is thriving in elegant bathhouses and historic hammams.