Bathing

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Bathing

 

A distinction is made between bathing in natural bodies of water (seas, rivers, lakes, and estuaries) and artificial ones (outdoor or indoor pools). The physiological effect of bathing depends on temperature, mechanical stimuli, and chemical stimuli (in seas, salt lakes, pools of mineral water). Bathing in open bodies of water adds the stimulating effects of motion in water, pure air, inhaled aerosols, and solar radiation to the beneficial influence of the water itself.

Bathing conditions the body and also has therapeutic purposes in cases of functional disturbances of the nervous system and certain diseases of the cardiovascular system. Bathing for therapeutic purposes is usually prescribed when the temperature of the air is no lower than 22°-20°C and of the water no lower than 20°-18°C; the patients bathe 2–5 to 10–15 minutes one to three times a day. Young, healthy, and adequately trained persons may bathe even in winter (“polar bears”).

Contraindications to bathing are expressed atherosclerosis, second- or third-degree cardiovascular insufficiency, a tendency to bleeding, severe emaciation, febrile and acute inflammatory diseases, active forms of tuberculosis, certain skin diseases, and the second half of pregnancy.

V. T. OLEFIRENKO

References in classic literature ?
She was very amiable during the walk back, and raved much over Edna's appearance in her bathing suit.
While things were in this state, one day Tom and three or four others were bathing at Wratislaw's, and had, as a matter of course, been taking up and re-setting night-lines.
After bathing, as they sometimes do five or six times every day, the hair is carefully dried, and if they have been in the sea, invariably washed in fresh water, and anointed with a highly scented oil extracted from the meat of the cocoanut.
Either bathing has been of the greatest service to her, or else it is to be attributed to an excellent embrocation of Mr.
Having disburdened himself of everything he had to relate to his bathing friends, he left them to their aquatic disports, and proceeded onward with the captain and his companions.
She chose to occupy herself with wild-beasts in the mountains together with Artemis, and, when she was seduced by Zeus, continued some time undetected by the goddess, but afterwards, when she was already with child, was seen by her bathing and so discovered.