batik

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batik

(bətēk`), method of decorating fabrics practiced for centuries by the natives of Indonesia. It consists of applying a design to the surface of the cloth by using melted wax. The material is then dipped in cool vegetable dye; the portions protected by the wax do not receive the dye, and when the wax is removed in hot water the previously covered areas display a light pattern on the colored ground. Remains of clothing found in Java indicate that the same or similar patterns have been in use for about 1,000 years and are handed down in families. Certain designs were traditionally reserved for royalty and high officials. Motifs are geometric or are based on conventionalized natural objects. Cotton cloth is generally used, and some silk. Batik was first brought into Europe by Dutch traders. In the 19th cent., Western artisans adopted the art.

Batik

 

(Malay), a painting technique; also a multicolored fabric decorated by batik. Batik is based on a design applied to the fabric with a composition impervious to dyes. (If the “hot” method is employed, heated wax is used; if the “cold,” rubber glue.) After this, the fabric is dyed in a vat or with the aid of tampons. Other colors are applied by dyeing the fabric again, after parts of the wax outline are removed. The “hot” batik method has long been known to the peoples of Indonesia (especially on the island of Java), India, and others. The basic colors of Indonesian batik are indigo blue and brown; the traditional designs are very varied and often have a symbolic meaning. Batik began to be used in Europe on decorative textiles at the beginning of the 20th century. Batik painting became a popular art form in the Soviet Union in the early 1930’s, primarily on silk kerchiefs and mufflers and later, on decorative panels.

REFERENCES

Koriukin, V. N. Batik: Khudozhestvennoe oformlenie tkanei. Leningrad, 1968.
Fiegert, J. Die Kunst des Batikens. Dresden, 1963.

batik

[bə′tēk]
(textiles)
A method of dyeing fabric in which parts of the cloth not intended to be dyed are covered with removable wax.
The print so produced.
The dyed cloth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mozambican batiks frequently express daily scenes with striking colors--that in this example draw you to elongated figures, dazzling coloration, flattened perspective, and a celebratory occasion, in time of tranquility.
Witnesses to the rich history and culture of the Indian Ocean, these new batiks will be featured in a forthcoming exhibit in the Patricia Harris Gallery of Textiles & Costume.
He started his own batik workshop in 1998 in a garage turned studio and selling at open markets, curio shops and art galleries throughout Zimbabwe.
A[yen] In the project, Fatma mostly enjoys the batiks and khangas.
People can enjoy traditional Sri Lankan tea, some herbal porridge or bring a Sri Lankan twist to their home with wooden spoon crafts or batik designs.
At Caribbean Style, above Koalkeel Restaurant (Old Warden's Place; 809-497-2930), a former plantation, batik lovers will be fascinated by the spellbinding images of full-lipped, liquid-eyed black women imprinted in the fabrics available there.
I found that only six students could iron at a time, so I used brief, online videos about batiks, puzzles and surveys to pace and occupy the students as they waited their turn.
Designed by batik artist Katalin Ehling and introduced at the November Carefree event, the bag features the likeness of patrons attending previous Thunderbird Artists festivals, including Ed Morgan, the mayor of Carefree, Ariz.
CWL Designs is reintroducing Balitique, a line of batik cotton fabrics.
The exclusive batiks with various kinds of patterns attracted a large number of people.
95) offers over twenty projects to sew, knit, crochet and bead home embellishments, and tells how to make quick personal and home accessories with batiks.
The most highly developed batiks come from seventh-century Java in Indonesia.