Marston Moor

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Marston Moor,

battlefield, West Riding of Yorkshire, N England, near York. The battle fought there on July 2, 1644, between the royalists, under Prince Rupert and the duke of Newcastle, and the parliamentarians, under Lord Fairfax of Cameron, Oliver Cromwell, and the earl of Leven, resulted in the first major victory for the parliamentarians in the English civil warEnglish civil war,
1642–48, the conflict between King Charles I of England and a large body of his subjects, generally called the "parliamentarians," that culminated in the defeat and execution of the king and the establishment of a republican commonwealth.
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Marston Moor

 

an area 11 km west of York in Great Britain where, on July 2, 1644, during the English Bourgeois Revolution of the 17th century, a battle of the first civil war (1642-46) took place.

At Marston Moor the Royalists (17,000 men), commanded by Prince Rupert, suffered their first major defeat at the hands of the Anglo-Scotch Parliamentary Army (27,000 men), commanded by the Earl of Manchester. Royalist losses were 6,000 men and 25 guns, whereas the Parliamentary troops lost 1,500 men. The cavalry of the Parliamentary Army under the command of O. Cromwell played the decisive part in the battle.

Marston Moor

deciding battle of British Civil War (1644). [Br. Hist.: Harbottle, 154]

Marston Moor

a flat low-lying area in NE England, west of York: scene of a battle (1644) in which the Parliamentarians defeated the Royalists
References in periodicals archive ?
Following the battle of Marston Moor in 1644, the Bishop brought his collection north and in 1669 built and endowed the famous Durham University Library on Palace Green.
The Royalists were taken by surprise and defeated by the Parliamentary army at the Battle of Marston Moor.
The picture, from 1960, shows 23 Shieldfield Green in Newcastle, where Charles I was imprisoned from May 1646 to February 1647 after losing the battle of Marston Moor and surrendering to the Scots, who then occupied the city.
The 17th Century Jacobean house was built by Cuthbert Heron, whose son George may have been the Colonel George Heron who was a Royalist cavalry commander during the English Civil War and who died at the Battle of Marston Moor.
1644 The Battle of Marston Moor took place, in which Cromwell's Roundheads defeated Prince Rupert's Cavaliers and left 3, 000 dead 1850 Sir Robert Peel, Tory PM (twice) and founder of the police force, died in London after a riding accident 1921 Jack Dempsey defeated Georges Carpentier in Jersey City in the first boxing match to take $1m at the gate 1950 US troops arrived in Korea 1956 Elvis Presley recorded Hound Dog and Don't Be Cruel in RCA's New York Studio 1961 Writer Ernest Hemingway died of self-inflicted gunshot wounds in Idaho 1964 President Johnson signed the USA Civil Rights Bill, prohibiting racial discrimination
Anniversaries: 1964: President Johnson signed Civil Rights Bill in United States prohibiting racial discrimination; 1961: American writer Ernest Hemingway committed suicide; 1914: Death of Birmingham statesman Joseph Chamberlain; 1865: William Boothform ed the Salvation Army at a revivalist meeting in Whitechapel, London; 1644: Oliver Cromwell defeated Royalist troops at the Battle of Marston Moor.
It met its day of reckoning during the English Civil War when General Leslie and his Scots marched into England to support the Parliamentarians at the Battle of Marston Moor.
BBC One, 8pm) The English Civil War: Events leading up to the 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, fought at Long Marston in Yorkshire, when Royalist forces under the Marquess of Newcastle and Prince Rupert clashed with an allied army of Parliamentary and Scottish troops led by Sir Thomas Fairfax and Lord Manchester.
1644: The Battle of Marston Moor took place, in which Cromwell''s Roundheads defeated Prince Rupert''s Cavaliers and left 3,000 dead.