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any of the small, blood-sucking bugsbug,
common name correctly applied to insects belonging to the order Hemiptera, although members of the order Homoptera (e.g., mealybug) are sometimes referred to as bugs, as are other insects in general.
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 of the family Cimicidae, which includes about 30 species distributed throughout the world. Bedbugs are flat-bodied, oval, reddish brown, and about 1-4 in. (6 mm) long. They emit an unpleasant-smelling oily secretion from two glands on their undersurface. All are parasites of warm-blooded animals. The common human bedbug of temperate regions, Cimex lectularis, is largely nocturnal, spending the day in crevices in walls and furniture and in bedding. Its bite causes irritation in many individuals, but it is not known to transmit diseases. It will feed on other mammals and poultry when humans are not available and can live up to a year without feeding. Maturation from egg to adult takes about two months in warm conditions; there may be three or four generations a year. Control methods include steaming, heat treatment, spraying, fumigating, and sealing mattresses and box springs; the bedbug can be difficult to eradicate and has become resistant to some insecticides. Another parasite of humans, C. hemipterus, is common in the Old World tropics. A North American species, Haematosiphon inodora, parasitizing poultry, will also bite humans. Other species attack bats and various kinds of bird. Bedbugs are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Hemiptera, family Cimicidae.


See publications of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; B. Borel, Infested (2015) .



(Cimex lectularius), a blood sucking insect of the order Heteroptera. The body is flat and oblong. The males measure 4.9-6.4 mm long, and the females, 4.8-8.4 mm. The adults are brownish red, and the larvae are pale yellow. The mouth pierces and sucks. Behind the third pair of legs are glandular openings, the secretions of which have a distinctive pungent odor. Bedbugs infest human dwellings, chicken coops, dovecotes, the nests of birds and bats, and the burrows of rodents. The females lay between 200 and 250 eggs (sometimes as many as 540) in their lifetime. At room temperature the larvae emerge after 17 to 20 days. There are five larval stages. The bedbug is an external parasite of humans and several other warm-blooded animals. It feeds solely on blood. At one feeding the female sucks as much as 7 mg of blood. Control measures include various methods of disinfestation.


(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of species of household pests in the insect family Cimicidae that infest bedding, and by biting humans obtain blood for nutrition.


any of several bloodsucking insects of the heteropterous genus Cimex, esp C. lectularius of temperate regions, having an oval flattened wingless body and infesting dirty houses: family Cimicidae
References in periodicals archive ?
The survey also revealed that bed bug infestations continue to be the most difficult pest to treat including cockroaches, ants, and termites.
In the news these past few months we have heard about bed bugs in libraries, hospitals, and schools.
The 2010 Comprehensive Global Bed Bug Study was completed by the National Pest Management Association (NPMA, 2010) in conjunction with researchers from the University of Kentucky to explore the extent of bed bug infestations in the U.
Residents taking a maverick approach to treatment may use pesticides that are not intended for bed bug treatment and further put themselves at risk.
For this study, the researchers evaluated the supercooling point (SCP) and the lower lethal temperature (LLT) for all life stages of bed bugs, as well as their potential to feed after exposure to sublethal temperatures.
The United States "is now experiencing an alarming resurgence in the population of bed bugs," the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Environmental Protection Agency announced in May.
During the late 1990s, the first reports of resurgent bed bug infestations started to come from several parts of the world.
Pull back the bed sheets and check the mattress seams for pepper-like stains that may be evidence of bed bug activity.
The number of reports in China documenting bed bug plagues of C.
Wherever possible, non-chemical means are used to eradicate bed bug infestations, with a corresponding reduction in potential environmental damage.
Alarm pheromones, in general, may have utility in bed bug management programs by causing these otherwise cryptic insects to disperse and thereby increasing the likelihood of contact with an insecticide or other control agent," Feldlaufer says.
By drawing on the experiences of the four cities (including updates since 2010), we make the case that framing the bed bug problem as a public health threat is key to the implementation of effective strategies for its management--especially for vulnerable populations.