bee balm


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bee balm,

name for several herbs, especially Melissa officinalis and Monarda didyma, both typical perennials of the family Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
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 family) named for their fragrance, attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Melissa [Gr.,=bee] officinalis, also called lemon balm, was introduced to North America from the Mediterranean area, where it has long been cultivated for its lemonlike odor and flavor and, formerly, as a curative for many ailments. The leaves and the oil distilled from them (known as melissa or balm) are widely used for seasonings and beverages. Monarda didyma, also called Oswego tea, is native to E North America and was used, along with other species of Monarda, by the Native Americans and colonists for tea. It is also cultivated as an ornamental for its terminal cluster of red blossoms (sometimes pink in garden varieties). Oswego tea is similar and closely related to wild bergamotbergamot
[from Bergamo, Italy], citrus tree (Citrus bergamia) grown chiefly in Italy, belonging to the family Rutaceae (rue family). From the rind of the bergamot orange is extracted an essential oil used in perfumes and eau de Cologne.
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 (M. fistulosa). The names bergamot and balm are also used for other plants. The bee balms are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.

bee balm

A bizarre-looking, wonderful smelling red or lavender flower that looks kind of like a red sunflower with wilting petals. Flowers look this way because it’s in the mint family. Entire plant is edible and Tastes range from citrus-like to mint or oregano. Sometimes used as flavoring in foods. You can use bee balm flowers any place you use oregano. Both leaves and flowers are edible. Red flowers have minty flavor. Aromatic, delicious leaf tea (which tastes like Earl Grey), is used to expel worms, relieve gas, stomach ache, colic, measles, insomnia, heart problems, colds, spasms. Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, diuretic, stimulant, anesthetic, gastric problems, insomnia, sore throat, menstrual pain. Main use has been to expel worms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rosen has needed bee balm, on occasion, since she likes to walk around on bare feet and steps on bees, every now and then.
We used insectary plants, including herbs like chamomile, fennel, and oregano; and flowers such as bee balm (Monarda), scabiosa, sunflower, and zinnia.
Many of the best bee balms are hybrids, but until now, they have had a disfiguring flaw: as they come into their flowering glory, powdery mildew knocks them down.
It's one of the longest-flowering bee balms, and probably the most mildew resistant.
Columbine (several Aquilegia), coral bells (Heuchera sanguinea), gilia (Ipomopsis aggregata), monkey flower (Mimulus cardinalis), bee balm (Monarda didyma and M.
Agave, alstroemeria, bee balm, California fuchsia, Cape fuchsia, cardinal flower, cigar plants, columbine (from seed), coral bells, delphinium, four o'clock, foxglove (seed), hollyhock (short-lived), ipomopsis (short-lived), kangaroo paw, lion's tail, Lobelia laxiflora, lychnis, monkey flower, parrot's beak (Lotus berthelotii), Penstemon, phlox, pride of Madeira, red-hot poker, sage.
Iris, delphiniums, daylilies, hybrid lilies, coreopsis, Shasta daisy, gaillardia, foxgloves, hardy geraniums, roses, bee balm, and yarrow.
Many of them, including Japanese anemones, Shasta daisies, and bee balm, can become invasive weeds, spreading into unwanted areas and overpowering the design of a flower bed.
I use a lot of Melissa or bee balm too which is also great with hot water as a tea.
Expert tip: Coneflowers combine especially well with ornamental grasses and achillea or yarrow in a natural prairiestyle planting scheme, and in flower beds with globe thistles and bee balm to attract bees and butterflies.
Bee balm (Monarda didyma) Its mildly citrus-flavored pink, red, or pure white blossoms look spectacular in a mug or cup.
a lasso of bees people's needs: bee balm, oswego tea