beef

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beef,

flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpackingmeatpacking
or meat-processing,
wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world.
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 industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. The carcasses, after being dressed, are split in half along the back and then cut into fore- and hindquarters. In the United States, beef usually reaches local dealers in this form and is cut by them into portions, e.g., shank, round, rump, loins (roasts and steaks), flank, rib (roasts), chuck, plate, and brisket. In addition, the heart, kidneys, liver, tongue, stomach wall (tripe), and tail are edible. The tenderest beef comes from steers (castrated males) and heifers (females that have not calved). The meat should be a clear, light-red color and firm. Beef from older cattle is converted into various products, such as beef extract, sausage, corned beef, and canned or potted products. Beef is a source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins, but many health professionals, stressing risks of heart disease and cancer from eating too much saturated fat, have urged cattle growers to produce leaner, organically fed beef and have encouraged the public to choose leaner cuts, serve a three-ounce portion, and reduce the frequency of beef in the diet.

Bibliography

See J. Simpson and D. Farris, The World's Beef Business (1982); J. Ubaldi, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).

beef

[bēf]
(agriculture)
The flesh of a bovine animal, such as a cow or steer, used as food.

beef

an adult ox, bull, cow, etc., reared for its meat
References in periodicals archive ?
Those who want more information about Korean beef grading standards, refer to Choy et al.
The G1 animals have shown good growth performance, but their meat quality was inferior to JNC when compared according to the Korean beef grading system (unpublished data).
1] animals have not shown enough good growth performance and their meat quality was also lower than JNC when compared according to Korean beef grading system.