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flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpackingmeatpacking
or meat-processing,
wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world.
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 industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. The carcasses, after being dressed, are split in half along the back and then cut into fore- and hindquarters. In the United States, beef usually reaches local dealers in this form and is cut by them into portions, e.g., shank, round, rump, loins (roasts and steaks), flank, rib (roasts), chuck, plate, and brisket. In addition, the heart, kidneys, liver, tongue, stomach wall (tripe), and tail are edible. The tenderest beef comes from steers (castrated males) and heifers (females that have not calved). The meat should be a clear, light-red color and firm. Beef from older cattle is converted into various products, such as beef extract, sausage, corned beef, and canned or potted products. Beef is a source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins, but many health professionals, stressing risks of heart disease and cancer from eating too much saturated fat, have urged cattle growers to produce leaner, organically fed beef and have encouraged the public to choose leaner cuts, serve a three-ounce portion, and reduce the frequency of beef in the diet.


See J. Simpson and D. Farris, The World's Beef Business (1982); J. Ubaldi, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).


The flesh of a bovine animal, such as a cow or steer, used as food.


an adult ox, bull, cow, etc., reared for its meat
References in periodicals archive ?
The lifting of the ban is crucial for the long-term sustainability of our beef industry in Wales.
These discrepancies should be narrowed so that all farmers can generate more income and make Namibia's beef industry more competitive regionally and internationally," Pohamba said.
Peter Duggan, Strategic Information Services, at the Irish Food Board, Bord Bia, told Feedinfo News Service that: "The French beef industry has come out of a period of transition.
The association and the department are working together across the Northern Beef Futures project to enable the northern beef industry to respond to market signals and meet growing demand," Mr Baston said.
Chairman and director of York Auction Centre, Richard Tasker, said: "The number of livestock entries we have received this year is testament to the popularity of this major beef industry event growing year on year, and the hard work of the show organiser Julie Sedgewick and her team.
The recommendations set out in the report, which are designed to be owned and adopted by the Scottish beef industry, aim to facilitate collaboration, profitability, confidence and investment at every stage of the Scottish red meat supply chain - factors which are key in ensuring a future marked by sustainable, profitable growth.
Held in Rockhampton, Central Queensland, the event is Australia's national beef industry exhibition.
Across Texas, ranchers are voting this week whether to expand a program that promotes the beef industry.
The week-long event concluded with each representative sharing information about his operation and his country's beef industry, and a roundtable discussion about the challenges and opportunities facing the global beef industry.
Britain's beef industry said it has been given a "vital" boost by a UK-Russia deal to lift a long-standing ban on importing the red meat dating back to the peak of the BSE crisis.
The beef industry refers to the complete value chain including breeding, feeding, fattening, slaughtering, processing and sales.