behavior therapy


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Related to behavior therapy: Cognitive behavior therapy

behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Walsh, left, executive director of The Bridge of Central Massachusetts, leads a discussion among staff members and residents during dialectical behavior therapy at New Beginnings, a two-year-old group home in Southbridge.
Many patients are pleasantly surprised to discover that with very little discomfort they can deal with longtime obsessions and compulsions by persevering in behavior therapy.
Edited by renowned experts in the field, Cognitive Behavior Therapy explores the core principles behind all CBT protocols including:
Dialectical Behavior Therapy accomplishes this goal through teaching mindfulness and emotion regulation skills and exposure to present emotions and traumatic experiences.
A total of 71 patients were randomly assigned to undergo 10 weekly, one-hour sessions of cognitive behavior therapy or four, one-hour cognitive behavior therapy sessions over 10 weeks.
Keywords: applied behavior analysis, behavior therapy, behavioral principles, JABA, Behavior Therapy
Along with different approaches (such as behavior therapy, cognitive therapy, psychodynamic therapy, constructivism-solution-oriented and narrative therapy, family systems therapy, and atheoretical and transtheoretical techniques), the text discusses outcome research and other clinical considerations that guide practitioners in creating the best possible treatment plans for individual clients.
1 will review the research on problem-solving and dialectical behavior therapy, two cognitive-behavioral treatments that have the most empirical support for reducing self-injurious behavior.
SAN DIEGO -- Dialectical behavior therapy shows promise for emotionally troubled youths who are transitioning from state-run child services to state-run adult services, according to the results from a pilot study.
Recently, the district gave parents a list of vendors specializing in speech, behavior therapy and other specialties that it wants parents to contract with.
It provides practical information for health care providers on dietary and behavior therapy and guidance on pharmacotherapy and surgery.
In rational emotive behavior therapy, we discourage this kind of self-rating (and self-deflating) by helping people to acquire unconditional self-acceptance instead of self-esteem.

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