bench

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bench

1. the bench
a. a judge or magistrate sitting in court in a judicial capacity
b. judges or magistrates collectively
2. Geology a flat narrow platform of land, esp one marking a former shoreline

Bench

A seat with or without a back; most often it is constructed of wood.

Bench

 

(in Russian, zakhodka), mining term for the part of a shoulder that is to be worked by an excavator. It has the shape of a strip equal to the width of the face.

bench

[bench]
(geology)
A terrace of level earth or rock that is raised and narrow and that breaks the continuity of a declivity.
(mining engineering)
One of two or more divisions of a coal seam, separated by slate and so forth or simply separated by the process of cutting the coal, one bench or layer being cut before the adjacent one.
A long horizontal ledge of ore in an underground working place.
A ledge in an open-pit mine from which excavation takes place at a constant level.

bench

1. A long seat, usually of wood, with or without a back, usually for several persons.
2. A berm, 6.
3. Same as pretensioning bed.
References in classic literature ?
Books were flung aside without being put away on the shelves, inkstands were overturned, benches thrown down, and the whole school was turned loose an hour before the usual time, bursting forth like a legion of young imps, yelping and racketing about the green in joy at their early emancipation.
An instant rush for some other lecture-room followed, and in a minute I was alone with the empty benches once more.
Folks got up everywheres in the crowd, and worked their way just by main strength to the mourners' bench, with the tears running down their faces; and when all the mourners had got up there to the front benches in a crowd, they sung and shouted and flung themselves down on the straw, just crazy and wild.
Ranged on benches down the sides of the room, the eighty girls sat motionless and erect; a quaint assemblage they appeared, all with plain locks combed from their faces, not a curl visible; in brown dresses, made high and surrounded by a narrow tucker about the throat, with little pockets of holland (shaped something like a Highlander's purse) tied in front of their frocks, and destined to serve the purpose of a work- bag: all, too, wearing woollen stockings and country-made shoes, fastened with brass buckles.
My master, for his own interest, would not suffer any one to touch me except my nurse; and to prevent danger, benches were set round the table at such a distance as to put me out of every body's reach.
Then, once seated on the Right benches, we shall reach the peerage, shouting, 'Cloture
When I had regained my feet I raised her in my arms and bore her to one of the benches at the side of the room.
Before three o'clock the large shed was invaded by the spectators, comprising Europeans and natives, Chinese and Japanese, men, women and children, who precipitated themselves upon the narrow benches and into the boxes opposite the stage.
In the antechamber, upon long circular benches, reposed the elect; that is to say, those who were called.
Then the suitors came in and took their places on the benches and seats.
She was no sooner in possession of it than, hurrying into the little copse, where she was least likely to be interrupted, she sat down on one of the benches and prepared to be happy; for the length of the letter convinced her that it did not contain a denial.
There were benches here and there; the four gentlemen stopped near them; at a sign from Athos, Porthos and D'Artagnan sat down, the two others stood in front of them.