bergamot


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to bergamot: Bergamot Oil, Bergamot herb

bergamot

(bûr`gəmŏt') [from Bergamo, Italy], citrus tree (Citrus bergamia) grown chiefly in Italy, belonging to the family Rutaceae (ruerue,
common name for various members of the family Rutaceae, a large group of plants distributed throughout temperate and tropical regions and most abundant in S Africa and Australia. Most species are woody shrubs or small trees; many are evergreen and bear spines.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family). From the rind of the bergamot orange is extracted an essential oil used in perfumes and eau de Cologne. Various North American plants of the Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
..... Click the link for more information.
 family) are also called bergamot because of their bergamotlike fragrance. Chief among these is Monarda fistulosa, or wild bergamot, closely related to Oswego tea, or bee balmbee balm,
name for several herbs, especially Melissa officinalis and Monarda didyma, both typical perennials of the family Labiatae (mint family) named for their fragrance, attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Melissa [Gr.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which it resembles. The name bergamot is also applied to a variety of pear. True bergamot is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information.
, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Rutaceae.
Enlarge picture
bergamot

bergamot

Grows up to 3ft (1m) with purple, pink or white flowers. Leaves emit scent of lemon when crushed with hint of oregano. Adds flavor to food, deserts, cheesecake, can be added to salads and used as tea, which is used for colds, coughs and respiratory problems. Essential oil used externally as repellant for insects, fleas and lice.

Bergamot

 

(1) The name of certain varieties of pear trees that have flat, rounded fruits, such as the autumn bergamot, the red summer bergamot, the muscatel bergamot, the Volga bergamot, and others. The autumn bergamot is the most popular of them; it is an ancient Russian cultivated variety. The fruits are of medium size and are dark green with brick-red and brown tint. The flesh is soft and grainy, with a sweet, winy taste and a pleasant aroma. The trees begin to bear fruit in the seventh to ninth years; the yield is one or two centners per tree. Bergamots are distributed in the central belt of the RSFSR, in Latvia, and in Lithuania.

(2) Citrus bergamia is a small evergreen fruit tree (3–5 m tall) of the Rutaceae family and the Aurantiaceae subfamily. The leaves are oval oblong, 6.5–13.5 cm long and 2.5–7.5 cm wide, and either pointed or blunt at the tip. The leaves are dark green on top and light green on the underside. The fruits are of medium size, pear-shaped, and 4.5–6.0 cm in diameter. The skin of the fruit is golden yellow and has a specific odor. The flesh is sour or acidic, slightly bitter, and not very edible. The tree begins to bear fruit after seven or eight years. Five species are known. The bergamot was introduced into cultivation along the Mediterranean in the 17th century. In the USSR, bergamots are grown in small quantities on the Black Sea coast (Georgian SSR). Bergamot ethereal oil (about 1.75 percent) is obtained from the skin of the fruit, as well as from the blossoms, leaves, and young shoots. Bergamot oil is used in the perfume and candy industries. Agricultural techniques for growing the bergamot are the same as those for other citrus cultivation.

bergamot

1. a small Asian spiny rutaceous tree, Citrus bergamia, having sour pear-shaped fruit
2. essence of bergamot a fragrant essential oil from the fruit rind of this plant, used in perfumery and some teas (including Earl Grey)
3. a Mediterranean mint, Mentha citrata, that yields an oil similar to essence of bergamot
4. 
a. wild bergamot a North American plant, Monarda fistulosa, with clusters of purple flowers: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
b. a garden plant of the same genus, usually M. didyma (bee balm), grown for its scarlet or pink flowers
5. a variety of pear
References in periodicals archive ?
Predominantly grown in southern Italy and along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, bergamot is cultivated primarily for its peel and best known for its role in Earl Grey tea.
Extract from bergamot - most commonly used in Earl Grey tea - reduced total cholesterol, and LDL levels but there was an increase in HDL levels (good cholesterol).
Inspired by the warmth of the Mediterranean, Bronze Goddess is a citrus floral blend with notes of bergamot and orange blossom, right.
Bottom row (l-r): Woods of Windsor Bergamot & Neroli Moisturising Bath & Shower Gel, PS8.
Ghislain told 7DAYS that the orange-based bergamot "reminds us of Yas Island's fresh sprays, covering the island with luminous water sparks".
1 EARL GREY Authentic Earl Grey is from Ceylon and Yunnan, in south west China, with natural bergamot added from France.
This dumbbell bottle is packed full of fresh grapefruit and bergamot in a wearable fragrance.
Made expressly for His Holiness, Pope Benedict XVI on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood," Benedictus features a "marriage of linden blossom from Benedict's native Germany with frankincense from the Holy Land and bergamot from Italy.
Green is clean with Palmolive's Bergamot and Verbena Refreshing and Aromatic Handwash for pounds 1.
99 / 300ml A special blend of foaming fragrances bring together the sparkling freshness of mint, lavender and bergamot resting with tribal warm spice, cinnamon and cumin descending into a base note of vanilla and sandalwood.
Origins Ginger Burst Body Wash, pounds 16, LATHER up and let tangy ginger send a soothing warmth throughout your body while the citrusy-crisp scent of lush, lighthearted lemon, lime and bergamot lifts listless spirits.
The Brew-Tea Balm line includes Apple Spice, Ginger Peach, Orange Bergamot, Peppermint Lemongrass, Plum Apricot and Spiced Chai.