Bergenia

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Bergenia

 

a genus of perennial grasses of the family Saxi-fragaceae.

The stem of Bergenia is shortened and has a fleshy rhizome. The leaves are large, leathery, and radical. On the flower stalk there are 20–40 red or white bell-shaped florets, most often in a corymbose cluster. There are 11 species of Bergenia, found primarily in Central and East Asia; four of these species are found in the USSR. The most important is Siberian tea (B. crassifolia), which is found in the mountainous regions of Eastern Siberia and in northern Mongolia, where it forms large fields in some places. Siberian tea has long been grown as a decorative plant. Bergenia has industrial value (it is used in tanning) and medicinal value. It is a source of tannin, gallic acid, arbutin, and other chemicals.

REFERENCE

Borisova, A. G. “Badan (Bergenia Moench): ego sistematika i khoziaistvennoe znachenie.” Trudy Botanicheskogo in-ta AN SSSR Ser. 5. 1956, issue 4.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
There are lots to choose from and though some gardeners go for varieties with brilliant magenta flowers (many Bergenia cordifolia selections have these), I find those with white or pale pink flowers easier to incorporate.
In her famous gravel garden in Essex the queen bee of plantswoman-gardeners is mad about bergenias.
In low elevations, November is time to plant bergenias or propagate new plants from divided clumps.
Bergenia are the star performers, with their elephant ear foliage turning from green to ruby red.
The entire plant turns deep purple, verging on beetroot, and demands the support of fiery neighbours such as bergenia cordifolia (elephant's ears) and euphorbia characias (spurge).
Although it has been developed largely for use in greenhouses, I've found it very successful in the open garden, especially among primula and bergenia.
Bergenias make ideal ground cover in dappled or shady areas
There are Asiatic primulas, bergenias, pulmonarias and epimediums to name just a few.
Epimediums, Bergenias and Tellima have tough evergreen leaves rich in light-catching chlorophyll and they too flower before the trees leaf up.
Bergenias are superior groundcover plants, with huge thick and leathery leaves ranging from rich greens to deepest plum red, and with some of the best varieties, such as "Abdendglut", striking crimson flowers.
WITH their large, leathery, oval leaves, it's easy to see why bergenias are called elephant's ears.
VALUED for their leathery, bold, architectural foliage, bergenias - or elephant's ears - may develop rich winter colouring of maroon, crimson, bronze and even beetroot red, which looks all the more striking when the pale pink, white, ruby red and dark purple blooms emerge.