Berg

(redirected from bergs)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to bergs: aioli

Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
..... Click the link for more information.
), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
Many of the children from Mississippi and Louisiana are living in new homes, new towns, new states, and hopefully they will have Internet access," said Robbie Berg, 13.
In contrast large southern bergs, which often cover hundreds of square kilometers, periodically split off from ancient ice shelves that float atop the frigid southern seas.
With such unusually large projections into the ocean, the shelves were primed to cast off big bergs.
It shed a big iceberg at that time and has continued to release small bergs.
Furthermore, the berg might be there a while: Because it's aground on the sea floor, the bottom of the iceberg won't be exposed to relatively warm ocean water that might eventually melt it free.
When the flat-bottom berg became stuck, that lane had narrowed to a 1-km alley.
If the berg ever floats again and moves into warmer waters, these instruments will help monitor its eventual breakup, says Douglas R.
Bonnie Berg had borrowed the flag from her mother to display after the Sept.
Berg hesitated about hanging a flag with such sentimental value, but her mother told her: ``No, hang it with pride - he would have wanted you to,'' Berg said.
About the Berg Interrogative Biology Platform Berg's application of machine-learning (Artificial Intelligence) in biology and medicine allows for a combination of systems biology and systems engineering leading to well defined answers on human health.
Berg has written three books about portrait photography and digital imaging.