betaine


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Related to betaine: taurine, betaine hydrochloride

betaine

[′bēd·ə‚ēn]
(organic chemistry)
C5H11O2N An alkaloid; very soluble in water, soluble in ethyl alcohol and methanol; the hydrochloride is used as a source of hydrogen chloride and in medicine. Also known as lycine; oxyneurine.
References in periodicals archive ?
8 Betaine Market, By Form 9 Betaine Market, By Application 10 Betaine Market, By Region 11 Competitive Landscape12 Company Profiles
The present study was conducted to investigate the proximate composition and the L-carnitine and betaine contents of meats from five lines of KIC, which are proposed as candidates for selection, to obtain potentially useful information for establishing selection strategies to develop a new chicken breed that can produce highly nutritious meat with health benefits from the bioactive compounds such as L-carnitine and betaine in meat.
coli and to demonstrate if exogenous betaine added to the NaCl medium counteracts deleterious effects of high-salt medium and stabilizes the cellular constituents.
He said that future research should elucidate the mechanism of how betaine supplementation improves performance.
These betaine molecules have structures that resemble amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, and they contain nitrogen.
The enzymes were active and retaining more than 90% of the activity at 20% sucrose, betaine, trehalose and mannitol.
For the wavelengths lower than 500 nm reflectance values for samples soaked in fatty alcohol etoksylate solution are decreased, but for samples soaked in sodium lauryl ether sulfate and cocamidopropyl betaine solutions reflectances are increased in relation with aged original IQ office paper.
More than 3,000 healthy adults in Greece provided information regarding their dietary intake of choline and betaine, and fasting blood samples were tested for levels of interleukin-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-alpha), and homocysteine.
Meanwhile, the researcher said that survival rates of mice after radiation exposures, both low-LET radiation and heavy particle radiation, were improved when glycine betaine is administered.
In their recent experiments using mice and human vascular cells, the two partners showed that the administration of beer components such as beta-pseudouridine, melatonin and glycine betaine have radioprotective effects.
dimethyl sulfoxide (11) and other sulfoxides (12), formamide (13), nonionic detergents (14), and compounds belonging to the family of compatible solutes, such as betaine (15-17).