Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.


(bīăth`lŏn), sport in which cross-country skiers race across hilly terrain, occasionally stopping to shoot, prone or standing as required, with rifles at sets of fixed targets. The biathlon features the 10-km (6.2-mi) sprint, in which contestants shoot at two sets of targets; the 12.5-km (7.8-mi) pursuit, in which contestants shoot four times and start at intervals determined by their finish in the sprint; the 20-km (12.5-mi) race with four shooting stops; a 30 contestant, 15-km (9.3-mi) mass start race with four shooting stops; and a relay race with four 7.5-km (4.7-mi) legs and two shooting stops per leg. The women's races are shorter: a 7.5-km (4.7-mi) sprint, a 10-km (6.2-mi) pursuit, a 15-km (9.3-mi) race, a 12.5-km (7.8-mi) mass start race, and a relay with 6-km (3.7-mi) legs. In the mixed relay, two women and then two men ski a leg of the appropriate length. Competitors are penalized for each missed target by having a standard length added to the course distance that they must complete, or by having a minute added to their time. The control of fine motor skills and breathing required to shoot after the skiing segment makes this a demanding sport. Biathlon competition developed from the military training of ski troops. The sport first became an official part of the Winter Olympics in 1960. Biathlon has also recently acquired meaning as applied to a combined two-sport competition, such as running and swimming.



a modern winter two-event competition—ski racing with riflery. While covering a distance of 20 km, the athlete makes five shots each at four firing ranges between the fifth and 18th kilometers: twice at a target 30 cm in diameter (while upright) and twice at a target 15 cm in diameter (while prostrate). The distance to the targets is 150 m. For each miss there is a penalty of two minutes, which are added to the time shown in the ski race. In 1960 the biathlon was incorporated into the program of the winter Olympic games. The winners of the Olympic games have been K. Lestander, a Swede (1960, Squaw Valley), Soviet athlete V. Melan’in (1964, Innsbruck), and M. Solberg (1968,Grenoble). At the Xth Olympics (1968, Grenoble) the 4 × 7.5-km relay was won by the team of Soviet biathlonists (A. Tikhonov, N. Puzanov, V. Mamatov, and V.Gundartsev). Among Soviet athletes, world champions in the biathlon have been V. Melan’in (1959), V. Mamatov (1967), A. Tikhonov (1969), and A. Ushakov (juniors, 1969). In the world championship (1969) the 4 × 7.5-km relay was won by Soviet athletes A. Tikhonov, V. Mamatov, V. Gundartsev, and R. Safin, and the 3 x 7.5-km relay was won by Soviet juniors V. Tolkachev, A. Tagirov, and A. Ushakov.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the age of 32, in Lake Placid, he returned to the Biathlon and once again produced an inspired perfor mance.
We really believe in creating awareness about breast cancer and when presented with the opportunity to contribute to the Pink Biathlon, we took it," said Prerna Fogat, Commercial Manager at Seawings.
More details on the Alba Biathlon will be announced soon by the BRR.
The winners automatically qualify for the National Schools Biathlon in Bath in March next year.
The news comes as it was revealed that police found 100 syringes and 30 packs of drugs, including asthma drugs and antidepressants, in raids on the Austrian biathlon and cross-country camps.
The Norwegian, winner of four biathlon gold medals in Salt Lake City four years ago, struggled with his shooting when he returned from a layoff at Hochfilzen in December.
The two elements of the biathlon do not have to be completed in sequence.
Swimming is vitally important for our biathlon, a portion of which is a 100-yard swim.
Now he is to mark his new start in life by taking part in a gruelling 50-mile biathlon - running 20 miles and cycling another 30.
Celebrities scheduled to appear this year at the Tahoe Donner Golf Course in Truckee, California include Ken Bastida and Dennis O'Donnell of KPIX-TV5; Gordy Ceresino, former San Francisco 49er linebacker; Wayne Wong, world-class ski freestyle champion; Glenn Jobe, cross country biathlon champion; Bob La Point, world champion water skier; Jeff Float, Olympic gold medalist swimmer; John Bachar, world-class free, solo climber; Chris Griffin, US Disabled Ski Team Olympian; Virgil Giovannoni, former major league baseball and NFL athlete; Jeff Hamilton, US Olympic speed skier; Debbie Meyer, Olympic gold medalist swimmer; and Tamara McKinney, US Olympian skier.
Prior to that achievement, Mutch had already become the national modern biathlon champion in November 2013.
Request for Proposal: Mil-ceats biathlon improvements 2014, jericho, vermont