bicycle racing

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bicycle racing



an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
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 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.


See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
2) At the same time, however, he also gives Pound boxing lessons, attends the fights religiously, plays the horses at Auteuil and Enghein, learns how to ski well during several Christmas seasons at Schruns, travels to Spain on the advice of Stein and quickly masters the techniques and idiom of the bullfight during multiple San Fermin Festivals at Pamplona and elsewhere, goes trout fishing when- and wherever he can, and some time toward the latter part of these early years (from April 1925 through late fall 1927) also learns the ins and outs of stadium bicycle racing, gets himself a touring bike and goes cycling alone and with friends around and beyond Paris.
The city's bicycle racing operations fell 190 million yen into the red in fiscal 2000, the first loss in the city's 52-year history of public gambling.
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Taylor had electrified the bicycle racing world by winning a sensational string of races, including the world championship at Montreal in 1899.
com, a clearinghouse for bicycle racing information.
The city office that runs Toyama bicycle racing in Toyama Prefecture on the Sea of Japan coast started taking all kinds of steps last year in an effort to stem declines in attendance that began around 1992.
Shimano, one of the world's top suppliers of sporting equipment, is a global company spanning 17 nations and is primarily regarded for its bicycle racing technology and best-of-breed fishing tackle, but also sells equipment for popular sports such as snow-boarding and golf.
Fees for the first race is $20, and $15 for juniors and for Oregon Bicycle Racing Association members.
Taylor, however, refused to let racists deter him from his goal of becoming the best in the bicycle racing world.
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Founded in 1987, Inside Communications publishes VeloNews, the world's largest bicycle racing magazine, and Inside Triathlon, the leading multi-sport title.