biennial


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biennial,

plant requiring two years to complete its life cycle, as distinguished from an annualannual,
plant that germinates from seed, blossoms, produces seed, and dies within one year. Annuals propagate themselves by seed only, unlike many biennials and perennials. They are thus especially suited to environments that have a short growing season.
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 or a perennialperennial,
any plant that under natural conditions lives for several to many growing seasons, as contrasted to an annual or a biennial. Botanically, the term perennial applies to both woody and herbaceous plants (see stem) and thus includes numerous members of the kingdom.
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. In the first year a biennial usually produces a rosette of leaves (e.g., the cabbage) and a fleshy root, which acts as a food reserve over the winter. During the second year the plant produces flowers and seeds and, having exhausted its food reserve, then dies. Short-lived perennials (e.g., the hollyhock) are often treated as biennials. Some biennials will, like annuals, bloom in the same season if sown early; others reseed themselves or produce offsets, thus perpetuating the plant indefinitely so that it becomes essentially a perennial. There are very few true biennials. Many are crop plants, such as carrots and parsnips, which are harvested for their succulent roots at the end of their first growing season.

biennial

a plant, such as the carrot, that completes its life cycle within two years, developing vegetative storage parts during the first year and flowering and fruiting in its second year
References in periodicals archive ?
A significant part of the biennial consisted of traditional dance.
Since the Steinberg report was released in 1987, government auditing standards require 24 of the 80 biennial CPE hours to be directly related to government auditing.
Comprised of contemporary artists, designers, engineers, filmmakers, data miners, architects, non-profit organizations and corporations, the 01SJ Biennial will unveil projects throughout Silicon Valley and San Francisco during this 4 day Biennial.
Christov-Bakargiev, an author, exhibition organizer and researcher of artistic practices and history of art and the politics of aesthetics who teaches as a visiting professor at the Northwestern University in the US, had explained in an introductory press gathering about the biennial last September in ystanbul that the 2015 edition would present works by not only artists but also "other practitioners, such as oceanographers and neuroscientists, in a city-wide project .
SHIP HAPPENS: Dazzle Ships artist Carlos Cruz-Diez, whose work is part of the Biennial COLIN LANE
It features over 100 artists from over 40 countries and Hasegawa has worked blood, sweat and tears to make it the success it is: "I got the invitation to curate the Biennial in December 2011, so I have been working on this project for about a year and two months.
Wafa Mohammad, general coordinator of the event, said the biennial has drawn participation from 14 Arab countries, and a total of 47 Western and European countries, 25 of which are participating for the first time.
The event is growing in significance and reputation and we are sure these commissioning opportunities will offer real benefits to the practitioners the Biennial appoints.
Conceptual framework of the 11th International Istanbul Biennial, which will take place from September 12 to November 8, was announced by the biennial curators WHW (What, How & for Whom).
Rotating the host city offers various groups an opportunity to organize the biennial.
The most recent Sharjah Biennial presented various attempts in visual arts and film that addressed the growing social, political and environmental challenges the world is facing due to excessive urban development, pollution, political ambitions, and the thoughtless misuse, abuse and exhaustion of natural resources - an exhibition that probably deserves to be resurrected, considering today's continuing fragile environmental and political issues.
Other sections of the biennial were parsed out by genre and region.