bigamy

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bigamy

(bĭ`gəmē), crime of marrying during the continuance of a lawful marriage. Bigamy is not committed if a prior marriage has been terminated by a divorcedivorce,
partial or total dissolution of a marriage by the judgment of a court. Partial dissolution is a divorce "from bed and board," a decree of judicial separation, leaving the parties officially married while forbidding cohabitation.
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 or a decree of nullity of marriagenullity of marriage,
in law, an unlawful marriage that is either void or voidable because of conditions existing at the time of the marriage. A bigamous or incestuous marriage, for example, is void, and there is no need to bring a suit to obtain a decree declaring it void.
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. In the United States if a husband or wife is absent and unheard of for seven (or in some states five) years and not known to be alive, he or she is presumed dead, and remarriage by the other spouse is not bigamous. It is not necessarily a defense to a charge of bigamy that the offending party believed in good faith that he was divorced or that his previous marriage was not lawful.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1878 that plurality of wives (polygamy), as originally permitted by the Mormon religion, violated criminal law and was not defensible as an exercise of religious liberty. The Latter-day Saints renounced polygamy in 1890, but the practice has persisted among some, although it has been rarely prosecuted.

Bigamy

 

and polygamy, in Soviet criminal law, cohabitation of a man with two or several women, provided that the man establishes a household separately with each of the women or simultaneously with all of them. In either case it is insignificant whether the marriages with these women have been registered. It is sufficient to establish the facts of cohabitation and keeping house together.

The social danger of bigamy is that it hinders the actual emancipation of women and violates the principle of monogamy. The law provides for punitive measures of deprivation of freedom for up to one year or correctional tasks for the same term (see, for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, arts. 235–36). Criminal responsibility for bigamy and polygamy is provided for by the legislation of the Azerbaijan, Armenian, Georgian, Kirghiz, Tadzhik, Turkmen, and Uzbek Soviet socialist republics and in the RSFSR in several autonomous Soviet socialist republics and national okrugs (the Bashkir, Buriat, Dagestan, Kabarda-Balkar, and Tatar autonomous Soviet socialist republics, Adygei and Gorno-Altai autonomous oblasts, and Aga-Buriat, Komi-Permiak, and Koriak national okrugs)—that is, where the vestiges of a tribal way of life have not been completely eradicated.

Bigamy and polygamy should be distinguished from illegal registration of marriage with two or several women. The legislation of all the union republics prohibits the registration of a marriage without the dissolution of a previous marriage. Failure to comply with this legislation constitutes a special form of crime (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 201).

V. I. TEREBILOV

bigamy

the crime of marrying a person while one is still legally married to someone else
References in periodicals archive ?
Illegal immigrant and bigamist Fazli Rahim, 42, and wife Saima Gul, 31, were jailed for life after being found guilty of the brutal murder of Mohammed Noor at a flat in Pollok, Glasgow.
Details of the ceremony were posted on the website of the cathedral where it took place and, when she contacted the chaplain, he confirmed he had been duped into conducting the bigamist wedding.
Emmerdale The Bigamist Bride: My Five (7pm) Cain returns to the village, Gennie offers to lend Leyla cash, and Ashley discovers the Bishop is once again interfering by rearranging Sally's counselling session with Vincent.
A SERIAL bigamist vowed to get a divorce before she weds again after escaping jail for marrying illegally for a fourth time.
Jardinier goes on to complain that he's no good at pretending to be a dishonest bigamist, that u unlike Martin, for whom he's trying to cover with his masquerade u he's inept at concealing the fact that he's secretly fathered two children with two women.
Porriott was a convicted killer as well as a conman, bigamist and quack doctor - and he was known to hate prostitutes.
A CONVICTED bigamist has moved closer to clearing her name.
THE Apprentice star Jennifer Celerier will be stunned to discover she was married to a BIGAMIST for three years.
Pim pops by and unknowingly lets slip some information--which leads to one character being outed as a bigamist.
n A keen schoolboy actor, his first role was as a cold- hearted bigamist in US TV soap Love of Life.
Veteran actor Patrick Mower has revealed how his Welsh dad was a bigamist.
government has accused him--on the basis of dubious evidence provided by Russian investigators--of being an embezzler, a bigamist and a draft dodger.