bignonia


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bignonia

(bĭgnō`nēə), common name for the family Bignoniaceae, a family of chiefly woody vines of the American tropics and also a few shrubs and trees. The trumpet creeper (of the genus Bignonia) and the trumpet flower, or trumpet vine (of the genus Campsis), both found wild in the SE United States, are sometimes cultivated for their orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers. The calabash tree of the tropics bears large fruits from which carrying gourds (called calabashes) are made and used locally; its wood is used for making pipes. The Catalpa genus of trees with showy flowers is valued in the United States for ornament and shade. The highly durable wood is used for lumber, as is that of the South American genus Jacaranda and of the West Indian boxwood (genus Tabebuia). The bignonias are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Scrophulariales.
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catalpa

catalpa

Tree with large oval leaves up to 10 inches (25cm) long. Clustered whitish flowers with 2 orange stripes and lots of purple spots inside. Cigar-like winged seedpods, used as sedative and tea for asthma and bronchitis. Bark tea used to expel worms, antiseptic, laxative, sedative.
References in periodicals archive ?
This new genus of which I have seen two species belongs to the Bignonia family.
Common small-sized shrubs and vines include: Bignonia capreolata (crossvine), Dioclea multiflora (Boykin's clusterpea), Rubus cuneifolius (sand blackberry), Sambucus canadensis (American elder), Sebastiania fruticosa (gulf sebastiana) (a good indicator of this type), Smilax glauca (cat greenbrier), S.
Pandorea is a less common conservatory plant, also known as Bignonia semperflorens.