The overall aim of this joint exchange programme is to establish a long term bilateral network
(Europe & Australia) of researchers active in functional genomics in crustacean aquaculture, strengthen research capacity through exchange of knowledge and expertise in this area, and develop integrated approaches to investigate the main metabolic processes to improve crustacean production due to its high demand and decrease of fisheries captures.
Keeping in view the importance of Pakistan for the region, Spain has been expressing its intention to continue developing, a bilateral network
of political dialogue with Pakistan at different levels.
The iPass Open Mobile Exchange enables telecom service providers and Wi-Fi network operators to forge direct and bilateral network
agreements in order to reduce costs, gain operational efficiencies and drive market growth with access to a global, universal network.
This opens the door for a substantial discussion as to whether it is in the interest of a country like Singapore to pursue multilateralism, combine multilateralism with bilateralism, or build up a bilateral network
as a substitute for multilateralism, or as a safety net in case multilateralism does not work as envisaged.
Telecom Italia Sparkle's worldwide bilateral network
directly connects more than 220 countries over 360,000 km of submarine cables, and its cross-border proprietary network systems are deployed in Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and Latin America.
, for instance, were set up for each of the member nations of the Gulf Cooperation Council, as well as Jordan.
Multilayered bilateral networks have multilateral effects, especially when they are dense and homogeneous.
However, the emergence of converging bilateral networks is a form of substantive multilateralism.
For bilateral networks to have multilateral aspects, they need to be similar enough so that states behave as if a single multilateral framework exists.
The MTB thesis holds when both the density and homogeneity of bilateral networks are relatively high (upper-left cell).
Referring to the ongoing business cooperation and development of bilateral networks
between the two countries, he said: "We want to continue working together in this direction: to overcome any possible obstacles for investments and identify the benefits and services offered by the two countries.