bile salt


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bile salt

[′bīl ‚sȯlt]
(biochemistry)
The sodium salt of glycocholic and taurocholic acids found in bile.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genetic analysis of two bile salt hydrolase activities in Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM.
Bile salt export pump (BSEP): a sensitive and specific marker of hepatocytic differentiation in liver tumors [abstract].
reuteri does all this by secreting a potent enzyme called bile salt hydrolase, which traps cholesterol in the intestinal tract and increases signaling to liver cells to metabolize cholesterol.
Subsequently, the bile acids at the terminal ileum are efficiently reabsorbed by the apical sodium-dependent bile salt transporter (ASBT) into the enterocytes and transported back to the liver via portal blood for re-excretion into the bile (Chiang 2009).
The in vitro binding to bile salt was tested according to the method [I7] with a slight modification.
5 McFarland) of MTB H37Rv was inoculated onto each LJ slope in triplicate, as well as onto LJ slopes with no bile salts added.
Specimens were plated directly onto thiosulphate citrate bile salt sucrose agar (Eiken Chemical Company, Tokyo, Japan).
The secretion of this bile is under an altered physiological drive thus during the days following biliary drainage, the bile is of low bilirubin and bile salt concentration' (2).
Background & objectives: Organic anion transport protein 1B1 (OATP1B1) is a major transporter protein for bile salt uptake in the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts.
A key component of bile secretion involves a series of ATP-dependant export pumps such as the canalibular bile salt transporter (Cullen 2005); binding of a chemical to these transporter molecules results in the arrest of bile formation or movement within the lumen of the canalicular system (Trauner et al.