bioprospecting


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Related to bioprospecting: Biopiracy and bioprospecting

bioprospecting

[‚bī·ō′prä·spek·tiŋ]
(pharmacology)
The search for new pharmaceutical (and sometimes nutritional or agricultural) products from natural sources, such as plants, microorganisms, and sometimes animals.
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This 14-year Strategy is the countrys blueprint for sustaining the growth of the wildlife and bioprospecting industries.
In her statement released to the media, Ramirez-Sato said: 'An executive order can serve as guidelines on bioprospecting, where investors and the state, which owns these resources, and the communities as its protectors, can fairly and equitably share the benefits.
Phytochemical bioprospecting of the plant extracts was carried out at the Laboratory of Natural Products and Organic Synthesis (LPPNS), at the UESC, Ilheus, Bahia.
It is important to mention that various antitumor drugs currently used, such as paclitaxel from the vinca alkaloids and camptothecin were isolated from medicinal plants, which makes plant bioprospecting an important resource to be exploited in the search for new therapeutic approaches against cancer (Srivastava et al.
Citing the human uses of the ocean as now extending beyond the traditional activities of navigation and fishing to new and emerging activities such as bioprospecting for marine genetic resources, deep seabed mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, off-shore renewable energy developments and marine scientific probes of deep sea areas, this volume also notes the range of actors with interests in the maritime domain, which now has diversified to include not only flag, coastal and port states, but transnational corporations, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, coastal communities, and the maritime scientific research community.
Active metabolites from biological origin are produced by a large number of fungal species and most bioprospecting strategies were limited to some ecological groups of fungal species in Egypt [4].
In SA, the Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 [14] is the only legal document that sets out what a 'benefit' may constitute for bioprospecting or any other kind of research involving indigenous biological resources.
This includes the protection of species and ecosystems; the sustainable use of indigenous biological resources; the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from bioprospecting with indigenous people; and the establishment of a South African National Biodiversity Institute.
19) One consequence of the lack of successful drug development from the bioprospecting surge is that the period is often regarded as having produced no tangible benefits.
En 2002, en el marco de la XXV RCTA, el Reino Unido presento el WP-043 Bioprospecting in Antarctica (Bioprospeccion en la Antartida (23)), en el cual: (i) ante la indefinicion sobre que es la bio prospeccion, presento una propuesta de que debe entenderse por tal; (ii) resalta la falta de regulacion sobre como deben repartirse las ganancias dado el regimen particular de la Antartida, pues la bioprospeccion es una actividad en la cual hay un gran interes por las ganancias que puede generar, y (iii) pone de manifiesto la incompatibilidad potencial entre la bioprospeccion y el principio de cooperacion cientifica internacional consagrada en el articulo III del Tratado Antartico.
Hence, the immense biodiversity of our oceans (there are approximately twice as many phyla in the oceans as there are on land) provides a critical, fertile ground for natural products bioprospecting.