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Major finding: Compared with bipolar II disorder patients whose hypomania lasts at least 4 days, patients with episodes of shorter duration scored 14% lower on the Mood Swings Questionnaire and 8% lower on the Mood Disorders Questionnaire, significant but slight differences.
The strength of evidence for monotherapy treatments for acute bipolar II depression, and for maintenance of BD II are summarised in Tables 4 and 5, respectively.
News first emerged in 2011 that Zeta Jones suffered from bipolar II disorder.
In this broad overview for students and professionals in psychiatry, medicine, and the helping professions, international contributors explain the features of Bipolar II and give details on clinical management.
Bipolar II is similar to bipolar I, which involves moods swinging between high and low, from depression to a form of elation featuring manic, impulsive and restless behaviour.
Summary: Catherine Zeta-Jones checked herself into rehab to be treated for bipolar II disorder, after helping her husband battle cancer.
In one of the more elaborate models, Akiskal and Pinto (1999) described a bipolar spectrum that incorporates seven subtypes: bipolar I (classic mania); bipolar I 1/2 (depression with persistent hypomania); bipolar II (depression interspersed with hypomania); bipolar II 1/2 (depression with briefer periods of hypomania); bipolar III (antidepressant-induced hypomania); bipolar III 1/2 (bipolarity associated with substance misuse); and bipolar IV (depression superimposed on a hyperthymic temperament).
Bipolar II disorder (hereafter referred to simply as bipolar) can be better understood and addressed by applying appropriate psychological principles.
The authors first introduce the NURSE model of assessment, then describe maternity blues, postpartum psychosis, bipolar II disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder caused by childbirth, and screening methods.
Bipolar I refers to individuals who experience depression alternating with out-of-control or psychotic mania, and Bipolar II refers to those who suffer depression and experience hypomanic episodes without loss of control or psychosis.
Lifetime prevalence rates in various countries for bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, bipolar spectrum disorder and schizophrenia were identified from population-based epidemiological studies that used similar methods.