bird of paradise


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bird of paradise,

common name for any of 43 species of medium- to crow-sized passerine birds of New Guinea and the adjacent islands, known for the bright plumage, elongated tail feathers called wires, and brilliant ruffs of the males. Their common name is derived from 16th-century Spanish explorers, who believed them to be visitors from paradise. The standard-winged bird of paradise, Semioptera wallaceii, is brownish with a glimmering green gorget at the throat. At the end of the 19th cent. over 50,000 bird of paradise skins per year were exported; many species were almost wiped out. It is now illegal to import skins into the United States. The 13-in. (32.5-cm) twelve-wired bird of paradise, Seleucidis ignotus, is found in mangrove swamps, and has brilliant yellow plumes and an iridescent green and black throat, which are displayed to the female during courtship. The smallest member of the family is the scarlet king bird of paradise. It is only 6 in. (15 cm) long and has green plumes and blue legs. Many species are polygamous, and the drab-colored female assumes all the nesting duties. The biological basis for the elaborate coloration and displays seems to be the need for an accurate means of distinction and recognition between species, since hybridization is disadvantageous. Birds of paradise are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Paradisaeidae.

bird of paradise

1. any songbird of the family Paradisaeidae of New Guinea and neighbouring regions, the males of which have brilliantly coloured ornate plumage
2. bird-of-paradise flower any of various banana-like plants of the genus Strelitzia, esp S. reginae, that are native to tropical southern Africa and South America and have purple bracts and large orange or yellow flowers resembling birds' heads: family Strelitziaceae
References in periodicals archive ?
Equally lovely is the Bird of Paradise quilted patchwork throw, in double or single size, which intersperses the Paradise pattern with delicate floral patches in contrasting fabrics.
MARGARINE sculptures of impala deer and an eagle and a melon sculpted into a bird of paradise look set to be eye-catching centrepiece of Lichfield's Food Festival.
Diet manipulation as treatment for elevated serum iron parameters in captive Raggiana bird of paradise (Paradisaea raggiana).
A caterpillar crawling down a bodice and a bird of paradise perched on the shoulder of a black dress; Manish's creation simply floored the audience.
I am concerned about my two bird of paradise plants.
Some 70 years later, Holme Valley Civic Society's guest speakers, John and Joan Broadbent found that the people were far more relaxed and, wearing elaborate wigs and flamboyant costumes decorated with bird of paradise feathers, were ready to welcome them with singing and dancing.
They also spotted the famous Berlepsch's six-wired bird of paradise (see photo, table of contents).
The team also photographed Berlepsch's six-wired bird of paradise, which had been seen in 19th century photographs but whose home was unknown.
Last word, though, to the male bird of paradise, a creature which wore a skirt, gurned like Les Dawson and clicked like a Flemenco dancer in a fruitless bid for a, er, bird.