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see orders, holyorders, holy
[Lat. ordo,=rank], in Christianity, the traditional degrees of the clergy, conferred by the Sacrament of Holy Order. The episcopacy, priesthood or presbyterate, and diaconate were in general use in Christian churches in the 2d cent.
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in the Orthodox, Catholic, and Anglican churches the highest order of clergyman, head of a territorial unit of ecclesiastic administration (eparchy, diocese). Christian literary documents of the early second century (the Epistles of Ignatius of Antioch) attest to their managing the property of the early Christian communities. By the late second century the bishops had already concentrated spiritual and juridical authority in their hands and had also possessed themselves of the right to dispose of the community’s property; gradually a monarchical episcopate developed. In the fourth century there began to emerge among the bishops a hierarchical division into patriarchs, metropolitans (some of these bearing the title of archbishop), and bishops proper. The title of bishop has been preserved in some Protestant churches in addition to the Anglican, but in them a bishop is not a clergyman but a person exercising what are for the most part purely administrative functions.


1. (in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Greek Orthodox Churches) a clergyman having spiritual and administrative powers over a diocese or province of the Church
2. (in some Protestant Churches) a spiritual overseer of a local church or a number of churches
3. a chesspiece, capable of moving diagonally over any number of unoccupied squares of the same colour
4. mulled wine, usually port, spiced with oranges, cloves, etc
References in periodicals archive ?
The rest of the burial party straggled up the hill and arranged themselves around the coffin, and the auxiliary bishop led them in prayer and then spoke briefly of the bishop's endless capacity for kindness and humor, his personal warmth and grace, his admirable simplicity of style and consistent clarity of purpose, and his mindfulness at all times of Christ's insistence on love as the rudder by which we steer the flawed vessels of ourselves down the tumultuous and confusing river of life.
proposal, the presiding bishop, in consultation with the Archbishop of Canterbury, would appoint a bishop as primatial vicar to serve as her designated pastor.
What Bishop Peric declared in his letter to the Secretary General of Famille Chretienne, declaring: "My conviction and my position is not only 'non constat de supernaturalitate,' but likewise, 'constat de non supernaturalitate' of the apparitions or revelations in Medjugorje," should be considered the expression of the personal conviction of the Bishop of Mostar which he has the right to express as Ordinary of the place, but which is and remains his personal opinion [emphasis mine].
Bishop Malkhaz was called to testify at their trial in November.
First among them is that Bishop Hovius' loyalties lay foremost in the local church and in his role as its head pastor.
There's a nightly show overhead,'' said Bishop, a disabled Vietnam veteran who lives in a mobile home park outside Rosamond.
Bishop, 58, and three employees, including his son and research project manager, John, have spent the past two years creating an inflatable module, composed of a Kevlar-reinforced, geotextile material.
Empress Elizabeth sought to solve this problem by issuing a decree (ukaz) in 1754, ten years after the last Great Russian had been consecrated as a bishop, in which she ordered that the Holy Synod again consider Great Russians for vacant dioceses.
bishop who did speak up prominently for the gay and lesbian members of his flock, John Shelby Spong of Newark, N.
On this latter issue, although a majority of Catholic children, especially lower-income Catholics, attend public schools, no cardinal or bishop is an outspoken advocate or defender of public education.
He became a bishop when he was only thirty-five, was assigned to the diocese of San Cristobal in 1960, and has been working there ever since.