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(also Heleidae), a family of insects of the order Diptera. Body length, 1–2.5 mm. The insects are distributed everywhere but are most numerous in forests. In the USSR there are 18 genera, of which three—Culicoides, Leptoconops, and Lasiohelea—are bloodsucking insects. The insects differ from the Simuliidae and Phlebotomidae in that they have 13- to 15-jointed antennae and wings that are usually spotted and lie flat on the abdomen when at rest.

The larvae and pupae of Ceratopogonidae develop in brooks, marshes, ponds, and moist earth. The larvae winter; the adults appear in April or May and disappear in September or October. Only the females are bloodsucking; they attack humans and domestic and wild animals. The insects are intermediate hosts of some species of parasitic worms that infest man (in the tropics) and domestic animals (onchocercosis in horses). Control measures include the use of various repellents.


Gutsevich, A. V., and V. M. Glukhova. Melody sbora i izucheniia krovososushchikh mokretsov. Leningrad, 1970.
Gutsevich, A. V. Krovososushchie mokretsy. (Ceratopogonidae). Leningrad, 1973. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 3, issue 5.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Biting midges were caught during 7 consecutive nights in the first week of each month.
BTV is transmitted between its ruminant hosts almost exclusively through the bites of the females of vector species of the Culicoides biting midge (31).
The dairy farm is the only location in the Netherlands where monitoring for biting midges was continuously conducted during the 2011-2013 SBV epidemic and where SBV RNA was detected in biting midges caught during 2011-2012 (6,7).
Temperature dependence of the extrinsic incubation period of orbiviruses in Culicoides biting midges.
The Institute for Animal Health (IAH) this week warned the virus, which is spread by biting midges, is likely to spread further north and west this year - even as far as Wales and Scotland.
Their topics include odor coding and neural connections, mechanisms of orientation to host odors and other cues in host finding by female mosquitoes, field and semi-field studies of host-seeking behavior in Afrotropical anophelines, the chemical ecology of sandflies, understanding and exploiting olfaction for the surveillance and control of Culicoides biting midges, the chemical ecology of tick-host interactions, and a case study of the practical application of olfactory cues for monitoring and controlling Aedes aegypti in Brazil.
The second half of the book describes mosquito vectors (Anopheles stephensi Liston, Aedes albopictus Skuse, Aedes aegypti, Culex quinquefasciatus), biting midges (Culicoides sp) and sandfly (Phlebotomus argentipes) biology and their control to demonstrate the importance of understanding vector biology in order to conduct vector control strategies.
Spread by biting midges rather than by contact between horses, the disease causes fatal lesions, affecting the respiratory and circulatory systems.
Once biting midges are attracted by the device, they are sucked inside and collected in a bag.
Once biting midges are attracted by the device they are sucked inside and collected in a bag.