Ceratopogonidae

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Ceratopogonidae

 

(also Heleidae), a family of insects of the order Diptera. Body length, 1–2.5 mm. The insects are distributed everywhere but are most numerous in forests. In the USSR there are 18 genera, of which three—Culicoides, Leptoconops, and Lasiohelea—are bloodsucking insects. The insects differ from the Simuliidae and Phlebotomidae in that they have 13- to 15-jointed antennae and wings that are usually spotted and lie flat on the abdomen when at rest.

The larvae and pupae of Ceratopogonidae develop in brooks, marshes, ponds, and moist earth. The larvae winter; the adults appear in April or May and disappear in September or October. Only the females are bloodsucking; they attack humans and domestic and wild animals. The insects are intermediate hosts of some species of parasitic worms that infest man (in the tropics) and domestic animals (onchocercosis in horses). Control measures include the use of various repellents.

REFERENCES

Gutsevich, A. V., and V. M. Glukhova. Melody sbora i izucheniia krovososushchikh mokretsov. Leningrad, 1970.
Gutsevich, A. V. Krovososushchie mokretsy. (Ceratopogonidae). Leningrad, 1973. (Fauna SSSR: Nasekomye dvukrylye, vol. 3, issue 5.)

A. V. GUTSEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Batches of female biting midges were tested for BTV by real-time reverse transcription-PCR (rRT-PCR).
A small collection of biting midges of the genus Culicoides from Bolivia (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae).
Evaluation of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry for characterization of Culicoides nubeculosus biting midges.
Catalog of the New World biting midges south of the United States of America (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
Biting midges can transmit Bluetongue, a viral pathogen, which kills or debilitates hundreds of deer, sheep and cattle.
Culicoides biting midges are classified in the family Ceratopogonidae in the order Diptera.
Forcipomyia Meigen, 1818 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), a worldwide genus, is one of the species-richest genera in the biting midges, with many species being important pollinators of tropical and subtropical cultivated plants (Young 1986; Martinez et al.
The project intends to address the risk of emerging viral vector borne diseases in two main categories of arthropods known to transmit important animal and zoonotic diseases: mosquitoes (Aedes and Culex), and Culicoides biting midges.
Mosquitoes are present whenever rainfall occurs as well as in artificial lakes, and Dr Jubran said that people mistake biting midges for mosquitoes, which is a different kind of species but are also prominent around the creeks and artificial lakes.
We are told that one jab should be enough to protect sheep and cattle from the dreadful disease that is spread by biting midges and causes deformities in newborn lambs and calves.
With guaranteed results, unsurpassed customer satisfaction and continual testing, Mosquito Shield is the Northeast's premier mosquito control company, that provides a guaranteed protection plan for all types of insects, including black flies, biting midges, mosquitoes and more.
Hemorrhagic disease is an endemic disease that strikes periodically throughout whitetail country and is transmitted by biting midges.