black fly

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black fly,

name for any of the fliesfly,
name commonly used for any of a variety of winged insects, but properly restricted to members of the order Diptera, the true flies, which includes the housefly, gnat, midge, mosquito, and tsetse fly.
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 of the family Simuliidae. The black fly is about 1-8 in. (3.2 mm) long and has large eyes, short legs, a stout, humped back, broad gauzy wings, and piercing-sucking mouthparts. The female inflicts a painful bite, sucking the blood of birds and mammals, including humans. Livestock and other large mammals may be bitten to death by swarms of black flies; the black fly problem of some subarctic regions is so severe as to make human settlement impossible. Some tropical African and American species carry the larvae of roundworms that in human hosts cause swellings of the skin and eyes and sometimes blindness. The eggs of black flies are commonly laid in masses on wet rocks, logs, and plants; the larvae live in fast flowing water, clinging to rocks by means of anal sucking disks and straining out organic matter by fanlike head organs. Pupation occurs underwater; the pupa accumulates a bubble of air in its case, enabling it to rise to the surface and emerge when mature. The Adirondack black fly, Simulium hirtipes, the white stockinged black fly, S. venustum, the buffalo gnat, S. pecuarum, and the turkey gnat, S. meridionale, are common species. Black flies are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Diptera, family Simuliidae. See insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Images recorded by the motion-sensitive camera indicated that all four nestlings had died on 20 July 2013 as a result of black fly bites.
As the attack by this pest progresses in the agricultural borders, the value of the citrus agribusiness is seriously threatened, despite the economic and social importance that the citrus production has in Brazil there is still a need for research and finding methods of control of the citrus black fly (Lopes 2009).
To coincide with the change in the Gritty Dozen, the Black Fly Stout and the Best Bitter will transition from 12-ounce to 22ounce bottles and will be available in 5 liter mini kegs and on draft.
Three people suffered anaphylactic shock after suffering dozens of bites from a common species of the black fly simulium lineatum and simulium variegatum.
The Vampire fly, Simulium damnosum, resembles the common black fly, but is actually a cousin of the hated buffalo gnat.
In keeping with Canada's long tradition of resource-based trade, the levy will be in the form of a proportion of our most underutilized resource: the aforementioned black fly and mosquito populations.
One-half of the sample responded to a contingent-valuation mail survey in August and September 1987, at the peak of the black fly season.
lupi infections in dogs in southern California and present molecular evidence implicating the black fly species S.
In fact, if there are a lot of resident fish suffering from "lockjaw", a black fly is great, last thing, to attract coloured salmon, particularly hens.
At around two o'clock I returned to my place on the bank and cast out a short line and as I was unreeling the rest of the line much to my surprise a two-pound fish decided he would have one of my flies, a small black fly.
It later changed to white and then a black fly appeared.
It's not a black fly in your chardonnay, it's a golfer of African-American heritage sitting one Billy Mayfair two-putt away from winning the first PGA tournament that had offered him an exemption on the very week Charlie Sifford, the first full-time African-American PGA Tour member, was being honored.