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Related to blackberry bush: blueberry bush, raspberry bush
blackberry,name for several species of thorny plants of the genus Rubus of the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
..... Click the link for more information. family). See bramblebramble,
name for plants of the genus Rubus [Lat.,=red, for the color of the juice]. This complex genus of the family Rosaceae (rose family), with representatives in many parts of the world, includes the blackberries, raspberries, loganberries, boysenberries, and
..... Click the link for more information. .
the subgenus Eubatus of the genus Rubus (raspberry, dewberry) of the family Rosaceae. The plants are shrubs with perennial rhizomes and biennial aboveground shoots that are usually covered with thorns. The flowers are bisexual, usually white in color, less frequently pink, and are gathered in racemose inflorescences. The fruits are aggregate juicy stonefruits, black or black-red in color, with a gray bloom in many species; the fruits do not separate from the soft receptacle.
There are more than 200 known species of blackberries distributed in North America and Eurasia. In the USSR there are 42 species, mainly in the Caucasus; there are fewer species in the southern Ukraine and Middle Asia. Many species that grow wild are suitable for cultivation because of their large tasty fruits. These species include R. caucasicus, R. sanguineus, R. dolichocarpus, and the dewberry (R. caesius). The fruits contain 4–8 percent sugars and 0.8–1.4 percent acids, vitamin C, and carotene (provitamin A). They are used fresh or dried, or in the form of preserves and jam. Blackberries are grown mainly in America and Europe; in the USSR they are cultivated mainly by amateur gardeners in the southern parts of the country and in the central fruit-growing region. Approximately 300 varieties of cultivated blackberries are known. They are divided into two groups according to the way they grow: blackberries proper, with erect stems, and cut-leaved blackberries, with trailing stems. The cut-leaved varieties are propagated predominantly by terminal stem buds; blackberries proper are propagated by root shoots. A mature plantation yields 5–7 tons per hectare. Blackberries are economically productive for 12–15 years.
N. K. SMOL’IANINOVA
BlackBerryA family of smartphones and tablets from BlackBerry, Waterloo, Ontario (www.blackberry.com), formerly Research In Motion (RIM). BlackBerrys pioneered the smartphone industry and were the first cellphones widely used in companies for e-mail, Web browsing, calendar and instant messaging. Third-party applications are available through BlackBerry's online app store (see BlackBerry App World).
It Started with Mobile E-Mail
In 1999, the text-only BlackBerry was the first wireless device that synchronized with the Microsoft Exchange corporate mail server. In 2002, voice and data (GSM and GPRS) were added in the model 5810, making it the first BlackBerry smartphone. Two years later, a million people were using them, and in 2009, with many users on their second, third and fourth models, the 50 millionth BlackBerry was sold. At the end of 2012, there were approximately 79 million subscribers.
In the late 2000s, iPhones and Androids offered touchscreens, slick software and most significantly, e-mail synchronization, BlackBerry's claim to fame. As iPhone/Android sales skyrocketed, BlackBerry users switched, and by the time new, innovative BlackBerrys were introduced, it was too late. By 2013, BlackBerry sales were less than 1% of the market, and the company launched a turnaround plan that focused on selling mobile security software to enterprises and deriving royalties from its many patents. In 2015, it offered its first Android-only BlackBerry (see BlackBerry Priv). See BlackBerry 10, BlackBerry Enterprise Server, BlackBerry Storm, CrackBerry, BlackBerry Messenger and smartphone.
|Although BlackBerrys have come in regular cellphone sizes, their wide models (top row) have been their distinguishing feature. Until the Storm came out in 2008, all BlackBerrys had physical keyboards. (Image courtesy of BlackBerry, www.blackberry.com)|
|The BlackBerry Keyboard|
|Using both thumbs, people learned to enter data quickly on these keyboards. (Image courtesy of BlackBerry, www.blackberry.com)|