Histomoniasis or blackhead disease is a life-threatening disease of turkeys that is caused by a flagellated protozoan, Histomonas meleagridis.
Histomonas meleagridis, blackhead disease, nitarsone, metronidazole, turkeys.
This form of transmission occurs when sick turkeys huddle together and allows for rapid spread of blackhead disease in the absence of H.
Historically, blackhead disease could be readily treated or prevented by the use of nitroimidazole drugs (Lucas, 1962; van der Heijden and Landman, 2007; Reynolds et al.
Recent field observations regarding blackhead disease outbreak in Pakistan and United States have shown that there is a possibility of drug resistance of H.
Although metronidazole has been banned in Europe and USA but is still very common in use for prevention and treatment of blackhead disease in Pakistan, suggesting high possibility of drug resistance for metronidazole than other drugs.
meleagridis and should be considered when designing experiments and testing compounds to inhibit blackhead disease.
Blackhead disease (histomoniasis) in poultry: a critical review.