blastomycosis


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blastomycosis:

see fungal infectionfungal infection,
infection caused by a fungus (see Fungi), some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infections of Human and Animals

Many fungal infections, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin, and although they are sometimes
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.

Blastomycosis

 

a chronic disease of the skin and internal organs in animals, caused by a yeastlike microscopic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. The natural reservoir of the fungus is soil. The animals mainly affected are dogs. Most susceptible to experimental infection are horses, sheep, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Diseased animals that discharge the fungus with mucus, in urine, and with the exudates in skin infection are the source of infection. Infection apparently occurs through injured skin or respiratory passages. Treatment has not been developed. Diseased animals are killed in order to prevent infection of humans.

REFERENCES

Spesivtseva, N. A. “Blastomikoz.” In Veterinarnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 1. Moscow, 1968.

blastomycosis

[‚blas·tə‚mī′kō·səs]
(medicine)
A term for two infectious, yeastlike fungus diseases of humans: North American blastomycosis, caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis, and South American (paracoccidioidomycosis) caused by Blastomyces brasiliensis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cases of canine blastomycosis are often recognized as sentinels for human disease, presumably because dogs' outdoor exposures are similar to, but potentially more extensive than, those of their human counterparts (6).
Head and neck involvement with blastomycosis has been reported most commonly in the larynx and involving oral and nasal mucosa.
Participants were highly engaged and eagerly shared their experience with Blastomycosis during the study visits.
Most clinical cases of blastomycosis are reported in states surrounding the Mississippi and Ohio rivers and the Great Lakes region.
Blastomycosis, a fungal infection most commonly found in people, dogs and cats.
Endemic mycoses: blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and sporotrichosis.
8) In addition to BCG granulomas, a whole array of infectious agents have been reported in the prostate, including other mycobacterial microorganisms, (9) coccidioidomycosis, (10) and blastomycosis, (11) among others.
There have also been cases of coccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis, some of which were fatal, reported in patients treated with TNF blockers, but the number of cases has been "considerably smaller" than the number of histoplasmosis cases, Dr.
Abstract: A retrospective study of 45 patients hospitalized with blastomycosis of bones or joints revealed 41 cases of osteomyelitis and 12 cases of septic arthritis.
Other conditions to consider are venous, thrombotic, atherosclerotic, vasculitic, or neuropathic ulcers; squamous cell carcinoma; basal cell carcinoma; postoperative gangrene; ecthyma gangrenosum; atypical mycobacterial and clostridial infections; deep mycoses; amebiasis; tropical ulcers; bromoderma; North American blastomycosis and pemphigus vegetans; brown recluse spider bite; and sporotrichosis (9, 21-25).
Airborne transmission of fungi responsible for systemic mycotic infections such as blastomycosis, coccidiomycosis, and histoplasmosis has been demonstrated both in healthy and compromised hosts.