block


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Related to block: block party

block

2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket

Block

A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.

Block

 

in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.

N. IA. NIBERG

block

[bläk]
(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
(statistics)
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.

block

block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical

block

1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.

block

(1) A group of disk or tape records that is stored and transferred as a single unit. On a CD, a block consists of 98 frames of 33 bytes for a total of 3,234 bytes, or 1/75th of a second. See block level.

(2) A group of bits or bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit.

(3) A group of text characters that has been marked for moving, copying, saving or other operation.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that are processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that are treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
References in classic literature ?
On the day that you take up your command, block the frontier passes, destroy the official tallies, and stop the passage of all emissaries.
This block is very low, is there no other to be had?
Those blocks which you are trampling under foot, like worthless stones, contain gold-ore of great purity.
When all were done, the major-domo of the Prince of Helium recalled to the block such as had favourably impressed him.
At length the fatal moment arrived, and Cornelius placed his chin on the cold damp block.
Wherever they tried to corner a worked-out creek, they found him standing in the way, owning blocks of claims or artfully scattered claims that put all their plans to naught.
But he, strong man and hearty, used to such work, weary with the hard day and with a pleasant picture of the bright little flat waiting him a dozen blocks away when the job was done, spoke cheerfully, confidently, saying that he'd have them out in a jiffy, as he stooped and crawled under the car on hands and knees.
One of the machines swerved wildly at high speed half a block down, and the next moment, already left well behind it, the pavement was torn into a great hole by a bursting bomb.
That would be very romantic, but one would have to be very good to be a missionary, and that would be a stumbling block.
There was an old barrel there, upside down, one side resting on a block of wood.
At the bottom the masonry rested upon a massive block measuring thirty feet in thickness, while on the upper portion it was level with the surrounding soil.
The policeman saw a man half way down the block running to catch a car.