blockade

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blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
It is likely that Chinese planners, believing that an energy blockader could in some such way convince or compel some states to acquiesce to boarding, searching, and interdiction, might place vessels under the flags of states that a blockader would be reluctant to confront.
THE OIL COMPANIES have yet to give a convincing explanation of their role which led to charges of collusion with the blockaders.
69) The Court did not consider whether the blockaders' desire to save fetuses reflected their views about women's roles as mothers or, if not, whether the blockaders were motivated by stereotypes about women's proper roles as well as by their concern for fetuses.
Since 1988, here in northern California, the Bay Area Coalition for Our Reproductive Rights has sent teams of clinic defenders to meet Operation Rescue blockaders every step of the way.
In Barisal, the driver and two others died at the scene after suspected blockaders hurled petrol bombs on a truck loaded with poultry feed.
He knew the historical propensity of blockaders to become invaders.
November 8 is his chosen date for the 'Pre-Budget', the event when he is billed to appease the blockaders in time for their 60-day deadline - which he claims he does not acknowledge - without overtly doing anything of the sort.
Any losses, whether resulting from interdiction by blockaders, routine mechanical or operational casualties, or failure of political allegiance among owners or crews, would have immediate consequences for Taiwan's energy supply.
But it certainly won't be for some of the blockaders.
So as Chancellor Brown refines whatever fudge he is devising to buy off the blockaders on November 8, he will not be comforted to read the thoughts of Mr Wheale and his colleague Garry Young on fuel tax.
According to reports tallied by major newspapers, the suspected blockaders in the past one month torched 906 vehicles and uprooted railway tracks in seven places forcing authorities to lower the speed limit of trains as a precaution at the cost of schedules.
Blockaders in Tahltan Nation issued an eviction notice to Fortune Minerals on Aug.