blockade

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blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
During his routine weekly press conference in Tripoli, Zeidan also said that he rejected any official contacts or negotiation with the blockaders of the ports as the government do not recognize such actions.
The protesters told the Independent Media Centre website that police raided camps and a cultural centre and tear gassed blockaders.
In terms of absolute numbers of active blockaders, the figure does not rise much above 5,000 people in Seattle.
Why did the oil refinery blockaders apparently have immunity?
Meantime, as the Chancellor proudly let drop that, since Labour came to power in 1997, the fuel escalator had paid off a handy pounds 30 billion of the national debt, before rousing the refinery blockaders to rebellion.
But many more militant unionists ignored Trades Hall's injunction, and several thousand marched around the casino where the WEF meeting was held before joining the blockaders at different entrances.
Food industry organisations met MAFF on Thursday to discuss supply challenges caused by the fuel crisis and to consider extra contingency plans if the blockaders return to the refinery gates when their 60-day ultimatum period ends next month.
The Government will be desperate not to let blockaders get a grip again.
However, the blockaders were given overwhelming support (as the Record poll showed, 77 per cent of Scots backed their protest) for giving expression to national discontent about punitive petrol prices and taxes.
But she said: "I will support the blockaders to the hilt.
21] Authorities let the march proceed on its scheduled route, hoping the more moderate marchers would stay out of the blockaded area and perhaps even attract some of the bystanders and exhausted blockaders away from the contested area (Carter and Postman, 1999; McCarthy and Associates, 2000).
140) In 1991, the site was Wichita, where, for over a month, PLAN blockaders incapacitated Ms.