blockade

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Related to blockades: military blockade, naval blockade

blockade,

use of naval forces to cut off maritime communication and supply. Blockades may be used to prevent shipping from reaching enemy ports, or they may serve purposes of coercion. The term is rarely applied to land sieges. During the Napoleonic wars, both France and Great Britain attempted to control neutral commerce through blockades and embargoes which neither could enforce with sufficient rigor. The Declaration of Paris (see Paris, Declaration ofParis, Declaration of,
1856, agreement concerning the rules of maritime warfare, issued at the Congress of Paris. It was the first major attempt to codify the international law of the sea.
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) proclaimed (1856) that blockades were henceforth to be announced to all affected parties and would be legal only if effectively enforced against all neutrals. In both World Wars blockades were made more effective by the employment, in addition to naval vessels, of mines and aircraft. North Vietnamese ports were mined and blockaded by the United States during later stages of the Vietnam War. Blockades have also occasionally been employed in times of peace as threats to implement diplomacy, as in the blockade of Cuba by the United States in 1962.

blockade

Med the inhibition of the effect of a hormone or a drug, a transport system, or the action of a nerve by a drug
References in periodicals archive ?
neutral states have protested the legality of several blockades but, as
did not believe that these blockades violated traditional blockade law.
The Sadar Hills District Demand Committee imposed the economic blockade in Manipur on August 1.
But, he explains, San Remo only applies to blockade in times of armed conflict.
b) the damage to the civilian population is, or may be expected to be, excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated from the blockade.
44) Blockades may be enforced by whatever means are expedient, although there is some dispute as to whether a blockade may be enforced by a minefield alone.
At this point, Israel imposed a naval blockade over Gaza.
Mersey shipyards also repaired blockade runners and Liverpool men enlisted into the Confederate Navy and served on some of these ships.
3 M in losses from the February border blockade by Greek farmers.
Even in the case of a lawful blockade, under Article 47 of the San Remo Manual vessels engaged in humanitarian missions, including vessels carrying supplies, are exempt from attack.
According to Ports of Sweden, participation in the blockade would violate the rules of obligation in individual employees' contracts and financial compensation would be sought for any damage caused.
The port blockades impact heavily on smaller haulage companies as they may only have one or two HGVs in their fleet.