boat people

Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

boat people,

term used to describe the Indochinese refugees who fled Communist rule after the Vietnam War (1975) in small boats and the many ethnic Chinese who left Vietnam similarly after China's invasion of Vietnam in 1979. More than one million people became refugees. Many perished, and others, upon reaching other Southeast Asian countries, discovered they could not remain permanently. The United States, Canada, and other nations accepted most of the refugees in the late 1970s and the 1980s. Although people continued to flee Vietnam into the mid-1990s, nearly all later boat people have been regarded as economic, not political, refugees. In 1996 the United Nations decided to end the financing of the camps holding the remaining 40,000 boat people, and Hong Kong, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines returned most of the remaining refugees to Vietnam. In the late 20th and early the 21st cent. a new but smaller wave of boat people, refugees and migrants predominantly from South and Southeast Asia, sought to reach Australia. Beginning in 2001 Australia instituted (except during 2007–12) a policy of detaining and processing the refugees offshore (on Nauru and Papua New Guinea's Manus Island) and, from 2013, of denying them asylum in Australia. The term boat people has also been used to describe political and economic refugees from other areas, such as Haiti, Africa and the Middle East, and Myanmar, who fled their homelands by similar means.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The bivariate results in Table 1 indicate that 33 per cent of the students sampled either disagree or strongly disagree that all boat people should be turned back, while 52 per cent have either a great deal or quite a lot of trust in people from other countries.
Three Hazara friends of mine (who came here as boat people but are now Australian citizens) recently went to Quetta to visit family members.
Moreover, 70 percent of the boat people seeking asylum in Australia are Sri Lankans, Afghans and Iranians, most of whom we may assume are genuine refugees.
It is very clear that the Boat People suffered from considerable poverty when they arrived in the U.
JAKARTA - More than 100 boat people from Myanmar were rescued by Indonesian fishermen after their vessel was found drifting in the waters off Sumatra Island's Aceh Province overnight, local authorities said Wednesday.
Included are the 250 boat people from war-torn Libya, all of whom drowned while trying to reach Italy.
Under the bilateral agreement, up to 800 boat people who try to reach Australia will be taken immediately to Malaysia instead, with their claims processed there by the United Nations.
The narrators are three rebellious adolescents, separated by time but sharing common emotions: an Indigenous Australian boy, Wurrkaly, from 1835, a witness to the arrival of European ships and settlers, a Jewish girl, Ruth, from Victorian England in 1905, quarantined off the coast of Albany, and in 1995, a Vietnamese boy, Duong, a late child of the boat people.
Between 1992 and 2002 different Australian governments developed a set of increasingly tough policies to deter asylum-seekers, including boat people, from targeting Australia as a preferred country of destination.
Suthep said the boat people were entering the country illegally and "we will not allow them to live here".
Two Rohingya boat people found off Indonesia this week said they were rounded up and beaten by the Thai army before being cast adrift in rickety, engineless boats.
Acute hunger and the rising cost of living could send a new wave of boat people from Haiti, where rising food prices set off deadly riots two weeks earlier and drove the prime minister from office, officials and analysts say, reports Reuters (April 24, 2008):