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winter sport in which a bobsled—a partially enclosed vehicle with steerable sledlike runners, accommodating two or four persons—hurtles down a course of iced, steeply banked, twisting inclines. A driver and three bobbers, the last one being the brakeman, compose a four-member crew. A two-person sled consists of a driver and the brakeman. A group of American and English vacationers at St. Moritz, Switzerland, developed the sport, an offspring of tobogganingtobogganing,
sport of coasting down snowy hillsides or chutes on a toboggan, a flat-bottomed vehicle made of hard wood. The toboggan, typically measuring 1.5 ft by 6–8 ft (.46 m by 1.8–2.
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, in the late 19th cent. A part of the Winter Olympic games since their inception in 1924, bobsledding is a sport of exhilarating but dangerous speed (up to 90 mi/145 km per hr). Winners rely on technical sled design, powerful push-offs at the start, and intimate course knowledge to gain split second advantages. Though Americans fared well in early Olympic bobsledding, since 1960, the Swiss, Germans, Italians, and Austrians have tended to dominate the medals. Women's bobsledding was added to the Olympics in 2002.



the rapid descent from a mountain along specially formed runs on steered sleds (called bobsleds). The all-metal, streamlined sleds are made up of hinged parts. The front part is movable and provided with a steering wheel; the back part is immobile and fitted with a brake. Races take place in special runs, or ice troughs, 1,500 to 2,000 m long, with five to eight turns. In descent, sleds reach speeds higher than 100 km per hr. Two-man sleds (length no more than 2.7 m, weight no more than 165 kg, and weight of the team no more than 200 kg) are distinguished from four-man sleds (whose corresponding measurements are 3.8 m, 230 kg, and 400 kg). Bobsledding as a type of sport originated at the end of the 19th century in Switzerland and spread to Sweden, Rumania, Poland, the USA, and other countries. In 1924 bobsledding was included in the program of the Olympic Games. The world champion (1968) and champion of the Tenth Olympic Games (1968, in Grenoble) was the Italian team of E. Monti and L. de Paolis; this team, R. Zandonella, and M. Armano were champions on the four-man sled. In 1923 the International Federation of Bobsleds and Toboggans (FIBT) was founded. There is no bobsledding in the USSR.


References in periodicals archive ?
Although Bobsled Calling has seen significant international usage, Bobsled Messaging users are predominately U.
Bobsledding was a daredevil sport for the privileged in Europe's alpine countries then, but here it was an everyman's activity for those who happened to live near the bobsled run at Mount Van Hoevenberg, were heavy enough to give the sled some downhill momentum and, most importantly, were unfazed by high speeds on a twisty, icy track.
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With Bobsled, we continue to leverage and embrace the power of IP communications to bring seamless, cost-effective connections to consumers across networks, devices, countries and carriers," said Brad Duea, senior vice president, T-Mobile USA.
All to watch a colored blur of a bobsled go screaming by for a whole two seconds.
The Team USA Bobsled and Skeleton 2014-2015 World Cup tour includes stops in Igls, Austria; Calgary, Canada; La Plagne, France; Winterberg and Koenigssee, Germany; Lake Placid, N.
International automakers like Ferrari and BMW have made bobsleds, but it is rare for an airline to make one.
One modified bobsled belonging to the US program, known as the “Red Dawg”, was the only bobsled of its kind in the US.
As a world-class pressure-sensitive adhesive tape manufacturer, we are pleased to support the world-class athletics program of the USA Bobsled and Skeleton Federation," says Daniel Germain, North American Regional President for tesa tape, inc.
Both are former Olympians, Albert in bobsled and Charlene in swimming.
THREE YEARS AGO, I had the pleasure of shaking hands with now-Olympic gold medalist bobsled driver Steven Holcomb.
It was fitting then that Gwyn paid a visit to the Bobsled cafe bar, on the Hip Strip, Jamaica.