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winter sport in which a bobsled—a partially enclosed vehicle with steerable sledlike runners, accommodating two or four persons—hurtles down a course of iced, steeply banked, twisting inclines. A driver and three bobbers, the last one being the brakeman, compose a four-member crew. A two-person sled consists of a driver and the brakeman. A group of American and English vacationers at St. Moritz, Switzerland, developed the sport, an offspring of tobogganingtobogganing,
sport of coasting down snowy hillsides or chutes on a toboggan, a flat-bottomed vehicle made of hard wood. The toboggan, typically measuring 1.5 ft by 6–8 ft (.46 m by 1.8–2.
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, in the late 19th cent. A part of the Winter Olympic games since their inception in 1924, bobsledding is a sport of exhilarating but dangerous speed (up to 90 mi/145 km per hr). Winners rely on technical sled design, powerful push-offs at the start, and intimate course knowledge to gain split second advantages. Though Americans fared well in early Olympic bobsledding, since 1960, the Swiss, Germans, Italians, and Austrians have tended to dominate the medals. Women's bobsledding was added to the Olympics in 2002.



the rapid descent from a mountain along specially formed runs on steered sleds (called bobsleds). The all-metal, streamlined sleds are made up of hinged parts. The front part is movable and provided with a steering wheel; the back part is immobile and fitted with a brake. Races take place in special runs, or ice troughs, 1,500 to 2,000 m long, with five to eight turns. In descent, sleds reach speeds higher than 100 km per hr. Two-man sleds (length no more than 2.7 m, weight no more than 165 kg, and weight of the team no more than 200 kg) are distinguished from four-man sleds (whose corresponding measurements are 3.8 m, 230 kg, and 400 kg). Bobsledding as a type of sport originated at the end of the 19th century in Switzerland and spread to Sweden, Rumania, Poland, the USA, and other countries. In 1924 bobsledding was included in the program of the Olympic Games. The world champion (1968) and champion of the Tenth Olympic Games (1968, in Grenoble) was the Italian team of E. Monti and L. de Paolis; this team, R. Zandonella, and M. Armano were champions on the four-man sled. In 1923 the International Federation of Bobsleds and Toboggans (FIBT) was founded. There is no bobsledding in the USSR.


References in periodicals archive ?
You don't even have to be in Nigeria to be confused as to why three Nigerians who live in Texas are competing in the sport of bobsled," Adigun said, referencing the outlandishness of their Olympic dream.
No Olympian has died during the games while doing the skeleton or bobsled.
Cunanan disclosed that after their successful Europa Cup debut, Isidro and Dela Cruz will compete in two more bobsled races -- the Austria Cup and the Tirol Cup - before returning to the Philippines in March.
In Asia, Japan, South Korea and China have already competed in European bobsled tournaments.
Cunanan said the Filipino pair, who learned the sport just two months ago, got off to a rocky start in the two-man bobsled division.
It has always been my agenda to develop the para sport on an international level when I was elected in 2010," says Ivo Ferriani, International Bobsled and Skeleton Federation (IBSF) president and chairman of the IBSF para bobsled and para-skeleton committee.
The athleticism and determination of each member of the Nigerian Women's Bobsled Team is palpable, as they push to rewrite history in their sport:
The bobsled track operates November 27 through March 27.
The company said it intends to remain the official real estate company of USA Bobsled & Skeleton for the second consecutive year.
Chairman of Hanjin Group, Cho Yang-ho, which owns Korean Air, made the decision after meeting with the Korean bobsled team at the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics.
Steve Holcomb and his Night Train team won bobsled gold in 2010.
The International Bobsled and Toboggan Federation turned down the protest on the grounds that it has no jurisdiction over the facilities.