bobsledding

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bobsledding,

winter sport in which a bobsled—a partially enclosed vehicle with steerable sledlike runners, accommodating two or four persons—hurtles down a course of iced, steeply banked, twisting inclines. A driver and three bobbers, the last one being the brakeman, compose a four-member crew. A two-person sled consists of a driver and the brakeman. A group of American and English vacationers at St. Moritz, Switzerland, developed the sport, an offspring of tobogganingtobogganing,
sport of coasting down snowy hillsides or chutes on a toboggan, a flat-bottomed vehicle made of hard wood. The toboggan, typically measuring 1.5 ft by 6–8 ft (.46 m by 1.8–2.
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, in the late 19th cent. A part of the Winter Olympic games since their inception in 1924, bobsledding is a sport of exhilarating but dangerous speed (up to 90 mi/145 km per hr). Winners rely on technical sled design, powerful push-offs at the start, and intimate course knowledge to gain split second advantages. Though Americans fared well in early Olympic bobsledding, since 1960, the Swiss, Germans, Italians, and Austrians have tended to dominate the medals. Women's bobsledding was added to the Olympics in 2002.

Bobsledding

 

the rapid descent from a mountain along specially formed runs on steered sleds (called bobsleds). The all-metal, streamlined sleds are made up of hinged parts. The front part is movable and provided with a steering wheel; the back part is immobile and fitted with a brake. Races take place in special runs, or ice troughs, 1,500 to 2,000 m long, with five to eight turns. In descent, sleds reach speeds higher than 100 km per hr. Two-man sleds (length no more than 2.7 m, weight no more than 165 kg, and weight of the team no more than 200 kg) are distinguished from four-man sleds (whose corresponding measurements are 3.8 m, 230 kg, and 400 kg). Bobsledding as a type of sport originated at the end of the 19th century in Switzerland and spread to Sweden, Rumania, Poland, the USA, and other countries. In 1924 bobsledding was included in the program of the Olympic Games. The world champion (1968) and champion of the Tenth Olympic Games (1968, in Grenoble) was the Italian team of E. Monti and L. de Paolis; this team, R. Zandonella, and M. Armano were champions on the four-man sled. In 1923 the International Federation of Bobsleds and Toboggans (FIBT) was founded. There is no bobsledding in the USSR.

A. P. GALLI

References in periodicals archive ?
But if you're the daughter of Nelson Christian 'Chris' Stokes and the niece of Dudley Stokes - two of the original members of the Jamaican bobsleigh team whose story was immortalised in the 1993 movie Cool Runnings - bobsleigh is in your blood.
And the family have every right to set their expectations high, after Tasker was part of the British crew that won silver at the World Cup in Lake Placid before Christmas - Great Britain's first men's bobsleigh medal at that level in 16 years - and took second at the recent European Championships.
Stuart turned to bobsleigh after becoming Scottish champion at triple jump, 200m and 60m indoor sprint.
I would like to thank all the staff at British Bobsleigh, who have been incredibly helpful in making sure I've had the best support and treatment both in Germany and back in the UK.
That came after just a second full season spent pushing a bobsleigh in the winter which culminated in finishing 0.
Further history will need to be rewritten if they are to repeat the trick in Russia with Sean Olsson winning Britain's last Olympic bobsleigh medal, a bronze at Nagano 1998.
Former Welsh 60 metre champion Simons applied and after less than two full seasons in the sled he has just been named as part of the four-man GBR 2 bobsleigh team for Sochi.
The wind tunnel, normally used to test fighter jets at speeds of over 200mph, was used to simulate full bobsleigh racing conditions and examine how different sled set ups and crew positions affect wind resistance at speeds of well over 65mph (100kmph).
Steve Messler, the former bobsleigh champion from the US, possibly had the best quote in store: "Here is an American, sitting in the Middle East and talking about fostering peace through sport.
The former Durham High School for Girls pupil has made many sacrifices to follow her dream - not least of all deferring a place at university to concentrate full time on bobsleigh.
BOBSLEIGH hopeful John Baines put his dreams of glory on hold to rush home for the birth of his first child.
Logistics become Olympic: Conceptum Sport Logistics partner and sponsor of BCS - Bobsleigh Canada Skeleton