bobsledding

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bobsledding,

winter sport in which a bobsled—a partially enclosed vehicle with steerable sledlike runners, accommodating two or four persons—hurtles down a course of iced, steeply banked, twisting inclines. A driver and three bobbers, the last one being the brakeman, compose a four-member crew. A two-person sled consists of a driver and the brakeman. A group of American and English vacationers at St. Moritz, Switzerland, developed the sport, an offspring of tobogganingtobogganing,
sport of coasting down snowy hillsides or chutes on a toboggan, a flat-bottomed vehicle made of hard wood. The toboggan, typically measuring 1.5 ft by 6–8 ft (.46 m by 1.8–2.
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, in the late 19th cent. A part of the Winter Olympic games since their inception in 1924, bobsledding is a sport of exhilarating but dangerous speed (up to 90 mi/145 km per hr). Winners rely on technical sled design, powerful push-offs at the start, and intimate course knowledge to gain split second advantages. Though Americans fared well in early Olympic bobsledding, since 1960, the Swiss, Germans, Italians, and Austrians have tended to dominate the medals. Women's bobsledding was added to the Olympics in 2002.

Bobsledding

 

the rapid descent from a mountain along specially formed runs on steered sleds (called bobsleds). The all-metal, streamlined sleds are made up of hinged parts. The front part is movable and provided with a steering wheel; the back part is immobile and fitted with a brake. Races take place in special runs, or ice troughs, 1,500 to 2,000 m long, with five to eight turns. In descent, sleds reach speeds higher than 100 km per hr. Two-man sleds (length no more than 2.7 m, weight no more than 165 kg, and weight of the team no more than 200 kg) are distinguished from four-man sleds (whose corresponding measurements are 3.8 m, 230 kg, and 400 kg). Bobsledding as a type of sport originated at the end of the 19th century in Switzerland and spread to Sweden, Rumania, Poland, the USA, and other countries. In 1924 bobsledding was included in the program of the Olympic Games. The world champion (1968) and champion of the Tenth Olympic Games (1968, in Grenoble) was the Italian team of E. Monti and L. de Paolis; this team, R. Zandonella, and M. Armano were champions on the four-man sled. In 1923 the International Federation of Bobsleds and Toboggans (FIBT) was founded. There is no bobsledding in the USSR.

A. P. GALLI

References in periodicals archive ?
Most of the summer sports we can do in the UK and you develop from school kids, from clubs and work your way up, whereas something like skeleton, bobsleigh, luge, the alpine skiing events, we're not brought up on a mountain, we're not going to have that opportunity.
The friends, who dressed in Lycra and used a bobsleigh made of wood, sparked a "hate" probe after complaints their outfits in the street parade were racist.
01:31 -- The first German team has just finished their first of two decisive runs in the four-man bobsleigh.
The Olympic bobsleigh event consists of four heats on two consecutive days, with two heats per day.
Mike Hay, Team GB Chef de Mission for PyeongChang 2018 said: "We've seen some great results from this group of bobsleigh athletes this season, with everyone selected having threatened podium finishes or indeed won World Cup medals on the circuit.
La Plagne offers three types of bobsleigh, each suitable for a different experience level and group size.
Bobsleigh CANADA Skeleton is a non-profit organization and the national governing body for the sports of bobsleigh and skeleton in Canada.
Riders in two-seater sled cars can experience the super-fast swings of a bobsleigh on an ice track, with realistic snow, sound effects and lighting.
McNeill is closing on her PS30,000 target to pay for next season's World Cup campaign after launching an online funding campaign in the wake of the decision by the British Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation last week.
Resourceful Toby's efforts have drawn comparisons to the penniless Jamaican bobsleigh team which somehow made it to the 1988 Calgary Olympics.
New York (AirGuideBusiness - Business & Industry Features) Wed, Mar 26, 2014 - Korean Air has announced it will build bobsleighs for the South Korean team to use at the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Games, a decision that caught many by surprise - including the country's bobsleigh association.