bobwhite


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bobwhite,

common name for an American henlike bird of the family Phasianidae, which also includes the pheasant and the partridge. The eastern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) is about 10 in. (25 cm) long. Its plumage is mixed brown, black, and white in the male and brown and buff in the female, making it almost invisible against the vegetation of weedy fields and edges of woodland. Bobwhites feed on insects and weed seeds. During much of the year they travel in coveys, sleeping at night in a compact circle, tails to the center. Thus they can fly out in all directions if alarmed. In spring when the coveys disperse, each male selects a territory in which to nest; the characteristic call of "bob-white" functions to attract a mate and to warn off other males. The female is responsible for nest building, and builds a nest on the ground in which she lays 12 to 15 eggs per clutch. Like most quails, bobwhites are monogamous. The large brood follows the hen; when danger threatens, the hen feigns injury until the young have scattered and hidden. Bobwhites are hunted as game birds and are often called quail or partridge; they can be raised on farms and multiply rapidly under protection. Bobwhites are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Phasianidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
This suggests a change in the food availability of the bobwhite in Illinois over the past 50 years.
Cram DS, Masters RE, Guthery FS, Engle DM and Montague WG: Northern bobwhite population and habitat response to pine-grassland restoration.
Population estimates are hard to come by for the masked bobwhite, partly because of the diminutive size and cryptic habits of the bird, but also because quail biologists in the Southwest do not typically discuss populations in terms of individuals.
Since the other transgenic events included in the trials were not presented in this paper and the nontransgenic Bobwhite died after Roundup treatment, the split-plot designs collapsed into randomized complete block (RCB) designs.
Late May/early June represents the peak hatching period for wild turkeys as well as initial northern bobwhite nests (Dimmick, 1968; Rosene, 1969; Everett et al.
The "Northern Bobwhite Conservation Initiative" was completed by the Southeast Quail Study Group in March 2002 at the behest of the directors of all the southeastern state wildlife agencies.
These include the extension of the northern bobwhite quail or mallard duck test protocol to a two-generation study, makes these tests even longer and more costly, thus increasing international interest in the Japanese quail (45) and the modification mentioned in the EDSTAC report (1) for extending the current U.
Values were obtained from four 38-d-old Japanese quail (this study), two adult European starlings (this study), and ten adult Northern bobwhite (Hartman 1961).
Grassland birds such as grasshopper sparrows, northern bobwhites, eastern meadowlarks and dickcissels have suffered over the last 25 to 30 years due to a loss of habitat from changing land-use practices, ongoing land development and the increase in woody species like junipers and oaks from the lack of wildfires.
Quail Eggs: Bobwhite, Tennessee Red, Mexican Speckled Eggs.
Owens doesn't raise livestock or crops, but he understands the threats to bobwhite quail.