bodhisattva


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bodhisattva

(bō'dĭsät`wə) [Sanskrit,=enlightenment-being], in early BuddhismBuddhism
, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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 the term used to refer to the Buddha before he attained supreme enlightenment; more generally, any being destined for enlightenment or intent on enlightenment. The spiritual path of the bodhisattva is the central teaching of Mahayana Buddhism. One becomes a bodhisattva by arousing the "mind of enlightenment," taking a vow to attain supreme enlightenment for the sake of all beings. The bodhisattva does not aspire to leave the round of birth-and-death (samsara) before all beings are saved; he is thus distinguished from the arahant of earlier Buddhism, who allegedly seeks nirvananirvana
, in Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism, a state of supreme liberation and bliss, contrasted to samsara or bondage in the repeating cycle of death and rebirth.
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 only for himself and who, according to Mahayana teaching, has an inferior spiritual attainment. The practice of a bodhisattva consists of the six "perfections" or paramitas: charity (dana), morality (sila), forbearance (ksanti), diligence (virya), meditation (dhyana), and wisdom (prajna). Both laymen and monks may be regarded as bodhisattvas. In addition, many celestial bodhisattvas are worshiped along with the Gautama Buddha and the buddhas of other worlds. The most important celestial bodhisattvas are Avalokitesvara, the bodhisattva of compassion; Manjusri, the bodhisattva of wisdom, and Maitreya, who in heaven awaits birth as the next buddha. See also sunyatasunyata
[Skt.,=emptiness], one of the main tenets of Mahayana Buddhism, first presented by the Perfection of Wisdom (Prajna-paramita) scriptures (1st cent. B.C. on) and later systematized by the Madhyamika school.
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Enlarge picture
Bronze statue of Bodhisattva Maitreya. Bodhisattva is a Sanskrit term that translates as: enlightenment (Bodhi) and being (sattva). The Art Archive/ Musée Guimet Paris/Dagli Orti.

Bodhisattva

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

In Mahayana Buddhism, a Bodhisattva is one who has attained enlightenment, whose Buddha nature has found peace, but who has renounced Nirvana for the sake of helping others in their journey to liberation from suffering.

Bodhisattva

 

(Sanskrit, he whose being is illumination), according to the conceptions of the Buddhists, a mentor who guides men along the path of inner perfection, thereby bringing them liberation from earthly sufferings. At the same time, the state of Bodhisattva is a step on the path to the state of supreme illumination and attainment of Nirvana, that is, the state of Buddha.

The veneration of the Bodhisattva arose with the development of Mahayana, northern Buddhism. At the beginning of the Christian era, the title Bodhisattva began to be bestowed even on mortals, for example, on the Indian poet, philosopher, and playwright Asvaghosa (died, according to Chinese sources, in 194 A.D.). The most popular of the Bodhisattvas in Mahayana are Avalokiteshvara, Manjusri, Maitreya, and Vajrapani.

REFERENCE

Dayal, Har. The Bodhisattva Doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit Literature. London, 1932.

Bodhisattva

“the enlightened one” deferring Nirvana to help others. [Buddhism: Parrinder, 48]

Bodhisattva

enlightened one deferring Nirvana to help others. [Buddhism: Parrinder, 48]
References in periodicals archive ?
The idea was to know whether this icon of Bodhisattva would be an iconographic reference in the Buddhist imagery of the devotees or not, and whether other elements had influence on their conception of the Bodhisattva's appearance.
Over the years, the efforts to record the Dazu Thousand-hand Bodhisattva Statue can be divided into two categories: one is the surveying and mapping of its basic morphology, and the other is image recording.
By the merit of her virtuous roots, once three incalculable eons have elapsed, being possessed of the conduct of a bodhisattva, having cultivated great compassion, having fulfilled the six perfections, she will become a Buddha by the name Ratnamati (38) and will widely save the multitude of beings to an immeasurable extent.
32) but offers no defense for the presumed reference to Avalolcitesvara (Oloiipare) in an early kharosthi inscription (our earliest Chinese renderings and earliest Sanskrit manuscript evidence indicate that the name of this bodhisattva ended in -isvara, not -Nvara, further complicating the picture).
However, a provisional ruling by the same court in February said that the Kanzeon Bodhisattva should not be returned until it becomes clear through legal proceedings if the Japanese temple acquired it in a lawful manner.
Buddhist bodhisattva ideal associated with the Mahayana tradition.
The whole family then travels to thank the Bodhisattva for her sacrifice.
The most misogynistic works I have seen are in the Birth Stories (jataka), legends of the Buddha's past lives as a bodhisattva (buddha in training), which recount numerous tales of female depravity and portray birth as a female as the result of evil deeds in past lives.
The main exhibits include statues of a sunlight bodhisattva, moonlight bodhisattva and the Fuku Kenjaku Kannon bodhisattva.
The water pot is also believed to contain amrita, the nectar of life--a symbol of the spiritual liberation the Bodhisattva brings.
Sehrai showed them around the main hall which houses 74 stories of the life of the Buddha carved in stone and exhibited in the showcases and the Buddha and the Bodhisattva galleries in the side halls.
A gilt-bronze Bodhisattva Manjusri from the Yongle period (1403-1425) and a large sea green jade carving of a mythical animal from 18th century sold for $65,175 each.