Body Image

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Body Image

 

the reflection of one’s own body in one’s consciousness, including the outline, dimensions, and boundaries of the body and the relative position of its parts as well as clothing, footwear, habitual articles and tools, prostheses, and the like. A body image is continuously being developed and altered in the course of one’s life.

The concept of body image is used in the study of various mental disturbances—such as depersonalization, impaired perception of right and left, nonrecognition of the parts of one’s body or the sense of their being spatially estranged, the phenomenon of phantom limbs, and the fantasy of a “double”—for purposes of topical diagnosis (for example, of a lesion in the right parietal region) as well as to solve practical problems in prosthetics. In aviation and aerospace psychology the concept of body image is applied to problems of spatial orientation (as in the system man-spacecraft-surrounding space, for example, or illusions regarding spatial location).

REFERENCES

Meerovich, R. I. Rasstroistva “skhemy tela” pri psikhkheskikh zabolevaniiakh. Leningrad, 1948.
Giliarovskii, V. A. “Chto takoe ’skhema tela’ v svete dannykh nashikh fiziologov.” Vestnik Akademii meditsinskikh nauk SSSR, 1958, no. 10.
Gorbov, F. D. “Problemy kosmicheskoi psikhofiziologii.” In the collection Chelovek vyshel v kosmicheskoe prostranstvo. Moscow, 1966.

F. D. GORBOV

References in periodicals archive ?
By this we are saying that research on embodiment of skills should try to understand and depict body schemas and it's surroundings in relation to each other.
As a result of the previously mentioned factor, the adolescent has an incapacity to become aware of the alterations produced in his body schema or, in other words, in this stage, the alterations affecting the adolescent's body are so numerous and accelerated that he has not sufficient time to assimilate or include them through the awareness of the new body schema, and this is due to the quick growth at his bone system level.
The balance exercises are destined to the correct postural integration of the body schema.
Since the body schema is continuously updated through sensory signals, it is possible that surgical intervention that drastically reduces spine deformation or bracing that creates proprioceptive rehabilitation, through torso proprioceptive cues, lead to a recalibration of the body schema.
It was hypothesized that reducing spine deformation, through conventional treatment, should allow recalibrating body schema.
This indicates that body dissatisfaction directly activates the body schema to elicit dietary restraint and also indirectly affects dietary restraint by regulating the level of self-esteem.
Blackmore reprises her previously published OBE theory, which states that the OBE represents a breakdown in the usual cognitive map of reality as a response to a lack of sensory input and denigration of the body schema.
Fanon's adaptation of Maurice Merleau-Ponty's notion of the body schema to describe the operations of colonial racism and the lived experience of racialization are well known.
Bibliographic study, observation, the Bruininks--Oseretsky Test for intersegmental, upper and lower limbs coordination, as well as for general coordination, the Body Schema Knowledge Test, statistical processing methods and data interpreting.
In other words, the tool becomes a part of what is known in psychology as our body schema, according to a report published in the June 23rd issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publication.
Topics include body image and body schema, sense of agency (sense that I am responsible for an action or movement) and sense of ownership (sense that my bodily movements, sensations or thoughts are mine), body deafferentation (lack of internal sensation or "propioception" of certain body parts), phantom limbs, the neural basis of intersubjectivity, neonate imitation, linguistic gesture, the causes and philosophical implications of schizophrenia, and free will.