anabolic steroid

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anabolic steroid

(ăn'əbŏl`ĭk stĕr`oid, stĭr`–) or

androgenic steroid

(ăn'drōjĕn`ĭk), any of a group of synthetic derivatives of testosteronetestosterone
, principal androgen, or male sex hormone. One of the group of compounds known as anabolic steroids, testosterone is secreted by the testes (see testis) but is also synthesized in small quantities in the ovaries, cortices of the adrenal glands, and placenta, usually
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 that promote muscle and bone growth. Used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases, anabolic steroids have also been taken by bodybuilders and athletes seeking increased muscle mass, strength, and stamina. Such use is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other governing bodies in sports, but not all sports test for steroids. Major League Baseball did not test for steroids until 2003, when random testing returned positive results on more than 5% of the players tested, and the National Hockey League still does not test. Under a 1988 federal law it is illegal to distribute anabolic steroids for nontherapeutic uses, and in 1991 they joined other abused drugs as controlled substances. Nonetheless, a precursor hormone called dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which can convert to testosterone in the body, is available as a dietary supplement without a prescription. Abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to elevated cholesterol levels, liver disease, blood clots leading to heart attack or stroke, increased aggressiveness and irritability, and, in adolescents, permanent stunting of growth. See also steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
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.

anabolic steroid

[‚an·ə¦bäl·ik ′sti‚rȯid]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of steroid hormones that increase anabolism.

anabolic steroid

any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones (androgens) used to stimulate muscle and bone growth for therapeutic or athletic purposes
References in periodicals archive ?
Bakir Besirevic dispossessed the Rangers midfielder and laid the ball into the path of Elvir Bolic.
Bolic was on to it in a flash and dragged the ball wide of Neil Sullivan.
Barbares, 31, is a midfield player with SV Hamburg, in Germany, and he has struck three goals in 21 international appearances, while striker Bolic, also 31, plays for Rayo Vallecano and has netted 12 times in 30 games.
From Bayern Munich, Real Madrid and Fenerbache, Bosnian coach Raddi Hazibekic can call upon Hasan Salihamidzic, Elvir Balic and Elvir Bolic.
Scotland looked shaky in the first half - particularly when Elvir Bolic equalised for the Bosnians - but Dodds' winning goal on the stroke of half time fired them up for a tremendous second half battle.
Our gift from the Dodds came after Elvir Bolic had levelled a Don Hutchison opener in 13 minutes.
Applicants Redzep Zejnic and Sada Bolic wanted to sell from a van outside either the Plumbers Arms, near the bus station, the Klick Photoshop in Kirkgate or the Orange shop at New Street.
Vicente gave them a second-half lead against hosts Bosnia-Herzegovina at Zenica, but Elvir Bolic equalised for the home team in a group seven match.
The visitors' crisp passing and possession was a source of frustration for Wales and Andy Melville conceded a dangerous free-kick on the edge of the penalty area, scything down Elvir Bolic.
Bosnian coach Blaz Sliskovic has also recalled Rayo Vallecano striker Elvir Bolic, Bosnia's leading goalscorer.
Bosnian international striker Elvir Bolic headed home his 10th goal of the season to equalise in the 34th minute.
Javier Irureta's crack outfit were as short as 8-11 with Ladbrokes to help themselves to three points at the Nuevo Vallecas, but crashed to goals from Elvir Bolic and Brazilian forward Glaucio.