bonsai


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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
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References in periodicals archive ?
He hoped that the Bonsai exhibition will contribute to deepening ofunderstanding about Japan in Pakistan and promote friendship between the two countries.
Bonsai is an entirely chemical substance that can cause a rapid increase in blood pressure and heart rate, severe dry mouth, hallucinations, a feeling of hunger, memory loss, temporary blindness and temporary paralysis.
Bonsai is horticulture, art, philosophy and even a way of life in the form of a single tree, lovingly pruned and trained to exist in a small pot so that it reflects the majesty of the natural environment, he explained.
This is the first engagement of its type at the National Bonsai and Penjing Collection and we hope it creates a precedent for other internationally recognised bonsai artists to visit.
The dreadful thing about bonsai is that if you do not look after a tree it will not flourish.
BONSAI trees have become the latest must-have addition to the homes and gardens of the North West.
Mr Williams, who was born with spine problems which left him slightly disabled, took up bonsai 23 years ago after he gave up archery due to his illnesses.
Bonsai Secretarial Compliance Services' clients include leading auditing firms such as PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young and PKF Namibia.
UNITING ART AND NATURE: Bound Bonsai by Philippa Lawrence which helped her to become the Welsh Artist of the Year
Like Kieran, many visitors stopped to admire the work of the Eugene Bonsai Society, a group of about 60 that meets monthly to trade secrets of the ancient art.
Order on the credit/debit card hotline: 0870 950 5929 or send cheques and postal orders, made payable to Eastfields Ltd, to: People Bonsai Offer, PO Box 47, Terrington St Clement, King's Lynn, PE34 4QB.
Most people believe bonsai trees are special types of trees and they are difficult to look after.