bonsai


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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
www.bonsai4me.com
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http://geocities.com/bonsai_enthusiasts/index.html
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References in periodicals archive ?
The new teppanyaki venue will be located within Carnival Horizon's stand-alone Bonsai Sushi restaurant that will serve traditional sushi, sashimi, rolls and "bento ships" on an a la carte basis.
Japanese relations is commemorated by a special bonsai in the collection: a 390-year-old specimen from Japan that survived the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
Consul-General Toshikazu Isomura congratulated on the successful arrangement of Bonsai Exhibition which has been held since 1998.
Historically, the first form of bonsai appeared in China over a thousand years ago, where it began as practice of growing single specimen trees in pots.
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