bonsai

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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
www.bonsai4me.com
www.bonsaiweb.com
http://geocities.com/bonsai_enthusiasts/index.html
www.saba.org.za
References in periodicals archive ?
James Benn with his remaining bonsai tree after seven were stolen
Some of the bonsai trees on display in Montreal are almost a century old, but are no larger than a small garden shrub.
as she indulges her boy friend's passion for BONSAI TREES.
DevyaniAAEs best bonsai creations were on display in the SampatsAAE garden, where the practical class was conducted on caring for and nurturing bonsai trees.
Her lovely garden with a beautiful collection of Bonsai trees bears witness to her mastery, creativity and passion for this unique art.
A FAILED asylum seeker found with 200 cannabis plants in a Wrexham house claimed he thought they were bonsai trees.
On entering the exhibition, visitors pass through a display of very old bonsai trees that was created by bonsai master Seiji Morimae.
A small business specializing in something fairly unusual, like bonsai trees, could spend about $500, plus another $150 or so for two to three hours per quarter of maintenance, he said.
Organised by Sketts Market Operators and Wychavon District Council the event in the pretty Georgian market town saw the sale of a host of products, including Bonsai trees, gardening equipment and topiary.
Mr Hussey said: "I've got my own garden with orchids and bonsai trees - they take some looking after.
In people's yards there were manicured trees and bushes; real-life bonsai trees that were obviously well taken care of.
Imagine a cross between bonsai trees, ikebana arrangements, and Disney's California Adventure: Each work offers a variation on Brancusian interdependence of sculpture and base, consisting of a tortured outcropping of faux rock--roughly hewn and pieced together from bits of scrap lumber--and functioning as pedestal or shelf for tiny handcrafted trees.