bonsai

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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
www.bonsai4me.com
www.bonsaiweb.com
http://geocities.com/bonsai_enthusiasts/index.html
www.saba.org.za
References in periodicals archive ?
My most startling discovery about bonsai trees was that unlike dwarf fruit trees that are genetically engineered to be small, the bonsai artist starts with a regular specimen--a tree that has all the potential to grow and produce fruit, but that is prevented from doing so by restrictive containers and repeated pruning.
The pair were spotted earlier this week on a visit to the Bonsai Tree Farm in Suffolk with his mum and dad - a far cry from her TV role of battling aliens and saving the world.
Ao There are many factors involved in caring for bonsai trees.
Min Wang, 27, of Kensington, Liverpool, told Mold Crown Court the plants, with a potential annual growing value of pounds 400,000, were part of a get rich quick bonsai tree business.
The bonsai trees are there to show visitors that Japan's centuries-old love of nurturing small trees continues in its development of small cars.
Mr Hussey said: "I've got my own garden with orchids and bonsai trees - they take some looking after.
Imagine a cross between bonsai trees, ikebana arrangements, and Disney's California Adventure: Each work offers a variation on Brancusian interdependence of sculpture and base, consisting of a tortured outcropping of faux rock--roughly hewn and pieced together from bits of scrap lumber--and functioning as pedestal or shelf for tiny handcrafted trees.
Small world: The word ``miniaturization'' makes many of us think of bonsai trees and semiconductor chips.
Lewis' advice on fertilization of bonsai trees, could be applied to all plants growing in containers: ``Only feed when in active growth; don't feed for three weeks after repotting; stop feeding deciduous trees before the leaves turn to a fall color.
It shows a beautiful picture of a bonsai tree with the caption stating ``Decorating touches such as bonsai trees can make an office or home work space more personal.
Photo: Decorating touches such as bonsai trees can make an office or home work space more personal.
Bonsai-a-thon will feature four of the world's top bonsai masters giving a series of demonstrations, with other activities including a display of masterpiece bonsai trees, a continuous video presentation on the art of bonsai and a ``Bonsai Bazaar'' with plants, pots, gardening tools and more for sale, 10:30 a.