book of hours

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book of hours,

form of prayer book developed in the 14th cent. from the prayers of clerics appended to the main service. The subjects of the miniature illustrations (see miniature paintingminiature painting
[Ital.,=artwork, especially manuscript initial letters, done with the red lead pigment minium; the word originally had no implication as to size].
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) were frequently derived from the appendix of the Psalter. The book of hours served as a devotional work containing various prayers and meditations appropriate to seasons, months, days of the week, and hours of the day. Many such books are masterpieces of illuminationillumination,
in art, decoration of manuscripts and books with colored, gilded pictures, often referred to as miniatures (see miniature painting); historiated and decorated initials; and ornamental border designs.
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 and were symbols of refinement and wealth in fashionable houses of the 15th cent. Jean, duc de Berry, was among the most renowned collectors of books of hours, and his Très Riches Heures (Musée Condé, Chantilly), illustrated in part by the Limbourg brothersLimbourg brothers
, fl. 1380–1416, family of Franco-Flemish manuscript illuminators. The Limbourg brothers, Pol, Jan, and Herman, were trained as goldsmiths. They succeeded Jacquemart de Hesdin in 1411 as court painters to Jean, duc de Berry.
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 (c.1415), is among the greatest achievements in this genre.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet the personal character of much information indicates that Books of Hours were for many families the "go to" place for saving intimate information for more than one generation.
Zohl approaches her subject with scrupulous care, devoting seven of her nine chapters to a comprehensive examination of Pichore's early development and influences, problems of attribution, Pichore's switch to printed books of hours, his brief stint as a publisher, his work with Remy de Laistre, and, finally, his metal cut series produced for other book publishers.
Tory's principal editions of Books of Hours, printed on paper and all illustrated with full pictorial cycles in four different woodcut sets, date from 1524/5 to 1531.
1) ``The Crucifixion, With Catherine of Cleves,'' circa 1440, from ``Painted Prayers: Books of Hours From the Morgan Library,'' at the Getty Museum.
Illumination from Books of Hours Janet Backhouse British Library, 9.
Wieck curated the "Painted Prayers: Medieval and Renaissance Books of Hours from the Morgan Library" exhibition at the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth.
Controversially, the effigy of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick (above), from St Mary's in Warwick, is being shown in the exhibition and the history of the Beauchamps and Nevilles earns itself a small chapter in the book, along with pictures of books of hours and stained glass.
John Higgitt's meticulous examination of the manuscript known as The Murthly Hours is a welcome addition to a significant body of recent work on medieval books of hours.
It contains clear and detailed scholarly essays on the collectors, how manuscripts were made, bibles, psalters, books of hours, liturgical manuscripts, and literary and secular texts.
Another area I have always enjoyed is the one where hand-painted Books of Hours showed the skill of medieval artists whose work was sublime.
Among the topics are collections of books owned by the Percy family, penwork flourishing of initials, hierarchies of decoration in books of hours, and the last Bohun Hours and Psalter.
Pearson compares the patronage of books of hours to that of devotional portrait diptychs, finding that while both types of works focused upon the Virgin, the female owners of books of hours were three times as numerous as males, and that only three of the thirty-six known devotional diptychs depict women as donors--a ratio of six to one.