bootlegging


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bootlegging,

in the United States, the illegal distribution or production of liquor and other highly taxed goods. First practiced when liquor taxes were high, bootlegging was instrumental in defeating early attempts to regulate the liquor business by taxation. After the appearance of local and state option, those areas that voted to prohibit liquor were supplied with bootlegged liquor. There was also considerable smuggling from foreign countries in order to evade customs duties. In the period of prohibitionprohibition,
legal prevention of the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages, the extreme of the regulatory liquor laws. The modern movement for prohibition had its main growth in the United States and developed largely as a result of the agitation of
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 (1920–33) these activities increased greatly, and by 1930 they were well organized as a large illegitimate industry. Certain areas were dominated by gangs that fought to defend or extend their territory. Infamous gangsters such as Al CaponeCapone, Al
(Alfonso or Alphonse Capone) , 1899–1947, American gangster, b. Naples, Italy. Brought up in New York City, he became connected with organized crime and was the subject of murder investigations.
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 in Chicago and Legs Diamond in New York City were heavily involved in bootlegging. The retail outlet in the prohibition period was the speakeasy, though a house-to-house delivery system to established customers was also well developed. A high degree of organization also prevailed in international liquor smugglingsmuggling,
illegal transport across state or national boundaries of goods or persons liable to customs or to prohibition. Smuggling has been carried on in nearly all nations and has occasionally been adopted as an instrument of national policy, as by Great Britain against Spain
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. The combination of graft and violence accompanying this industry became so intolerable that it was an important factor in the final repeal of prohibition. Bootlegging remains a practice in many areas where prohibition is still in practice. Other highly taxed products may also become a target for bootleggers, e.g., a system of bootlegging untaxed cigarettes into New York City existed in the early 1970s.

Bibliography

See K. Allsop, The Bootleggers (1961, repr. 1970); A. Sinclair, Prohibition: The Era of Excess (1962, repr. 1964); H. Waters, Smugglers of Spirits (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Defendants in this case engage in massive infringement and bootlegging of Prince's material," the suit reads.
Speaking to Khaleej Times, a top officer at the Criminal Investigation Department said the cases involving bootlegging activities have been minimised during the last year due to the efforts of the police and other authorities in the emirate.
Printed Music," discusses the bootlegging of song the sheets in the 1930s, fake books, and the photocopying sheet music.
Mushtaq Ahmad filed a case against 17 Indian men for inflicting injuries to his leg in the bootlegging gang fight and sought a compensation of Dh1.
The men have been in jail since 2009 for the murder of Khan and for assaulting three others during a bootlegging fight in the Al Sajja labour camp off the Sharjah-Dhaid Road.
According to the report, the civil case against the 17 Indians, in which two men have sought compensation for injuries sustained in the bootlegging brawl, is scheduled for February 15.
The Indian, who was arrested after police interrogated him for bootlegging, was convicted of fraud.
For Joossens (1999) and von Lampe (2005), bootlegging is one of the ways of smuggling cigarettes, and refers to instances when an amount of cigarettes that exceeds customs regulations is bought.
1billion in 2005 because of Internet piracy, bootlegging and illegal copying of their films.
ROCK legend Jimmy Page will appear in court as chief witness in a Glasgow bootlegging trial.