borstal system

borstal system

(bôr`stəl), rehabilitation method formerly used in Great Britain for delinquent boys aged 16 to 21. The idea originated (1895) with the Gladstone Committee as an attempt to reform young offenders. The first institution was established (1902) at Borstal Prison, Kent, England. Main elements in the borstal programs included education, regular work, vocational training, and group counseling. Some borstals, such as Lowdham Grange, were open, having no walls or gates. The Criminal Justice Act 1982 abolished the borstal system.

Bibliography

See B. Behan, Borstal Boy (1958); R. Hood, Borstal Re-Assessed (1965).

References in periodicals archive ?
The discredited Borstal system, abolished by the Criminal Justice Act 1982, was much-feared, but 70% of the boys never re-offended.
However, after the Criminal Justice Act 1982, the borstal system was abolished in the UK, to be replaced with youth custody centres.
Ireland's "moral hospital"; the Irish borstal system 1906-1956.
This happened in the old approved school system, as it did in the borstal system, when HM Borstal He well Grange was a self-supporting community to a large degree.
It was called the borstal system which started in the first decade of the last century and was abolished by the Criminal Justice Act of 1982, just about the time when the youth of this country went off the rails.
Bring back the borstal system and give them a hard time.
Community leaders believe peer pressure is preventing the kids from changing their ways and a return to the old borstal system is the only option.
In the period 1900 to 1923, there were changes to both the adult and juvenile correctional systems aimed at providing better treatment for those in the Borstal age group, sixteen to twenty-one, but these changes were modifications to the existing treatment regimes, and fell well short of adopting the Borstal system.
IF the Conservative Party wants to be considered as a serious contender at the next General Election and win it, then part of any election manifesto should include a plan to immediately introduce National Service and a more effective Borstal system for those under 16 who go before the courts.
Bold plans to revive the long-defunct Borstal system for young offenders were outlined by a government quango yesterday.
This happened in the old Approved School system, as, it did in the Borstal system, when HM Borstal Hewell Grange was virtually a self supporting community.
What we will be moving back to is the old Approved School and Borstal systems and if run correctly they could certainly work.