# boson

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Related to boson: Higgs boson, gauge boson

## boson:

see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
; Bose-Einstein statisticsBose-Einstein statistics,
class of statistics that applies to elementary particles called bosons, which include the photon, pion, and the W and Z particles. Bosons have integral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "gregarious" in the sense that an
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## Boson

bose particle, a particle with zero or integral spin. Bosons obey Bose-Einstein statistics (hence the designation of the particle). Bosons include light quanta, or photons (spin 1); quanta of the gravitational field (if such exist), or gravi-tons (spin 2); unstable elementary particles such as mesons and boson resonances; and also compound particles made up of an even number of fermions (particles of half-integral spin)—for example, atomic nuclei with an even total number of protons and neutrons (a deuteron, a 4He nucleus or alpha particle, and so on); and gas molecules. Bosons are also quasi-particles of integral (or zero) spin—for example, pho-nons in the solid state and in liquid 4He and excitons in semiconductors and dielectrics.

V. P. PAVLOV

## boson

[′bō‚sän]
(statistical mechanics)
A particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics; includes photons, pi mesons, and all nuclei having an even number of particles and all particles with integer spin.
References in periodicals archive ?
The team looked to study bosons in a special state called a Bose-Einstein condensate.
This experience has influenced my entire academic career, including my current research on the recently unveiled Higgs boson, whose existence was theorised in the 1960s by Professor Peter Higgs, an honorary fellow of Swansea University, in one of the most spectacular triumphs of logic and intuition that resulted in the award of a Nobel Prize in 2013.
It was in 2013 he got the Nobel prize for physics which he shared with Francois Englert of the Free University of Brussels who had independently come up with a model explaining why particles are not massless and this model requires the existence of the Higgs boson.
In particular, scientists are searching for a Higgs boson produced alongside two top quarks.
Offered in 320 x 256 and 640 x 512 formats with 15 field-of-view options, Boson offers the widest range of features and lens choices for FLIR's OEM customers.
Thus, proceeding from the viewpoint of the suggested model, such heavy particles decaying into the boson pair having a summary mass of ~ 2 TeV are very possible.
I wonder if targeting the Higgs bosons that attach to my energy might be an easy way to lose weight, but -- more importantly -- I marvel at what this discovery reveals about the mystery of God's world.
Besides looking for dark matter, the scientists will want to learn more about the Higgs boson, he said.
If you work it out, you get the mass of a Higgs boson that's only a bit larger than the nano-mass of a Higgs boson actually is," Singh, author of "The Simpsons and their Mathematic Secrets," said.
Homer Simpson discovers the mass of the |Higgs boson particle
Specifically, the UCLA researchers write, the asymmetry may have been produced as a result of the motion of the Higgs field, which is associated with the Higgs boson, and which could have made the masses of particles and antiparticles in the universe temporarily unequal, allowing for a small excess of matter particles over antiparticles.
The Higgs boson was known as the God particle, so presumably the next discovery will regard itself even more important than God.

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