boson


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Related to boson: Higgs boson, gauge boson

boson:

see elementary particleselementary particles,
the most basic physical constituents of the universe. Basic Constituents of Matter

Molecules are built up from the atom, which is the basic unit of any chemical element. The atom in turn is made from the proton, neutron, and electron.
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; Bose-Einstein statisticsBose-Einstein statistics,
class of statistics that applies to elementary particles called bosons, which include the photon, pion, and the W and Z particles. Bosons have integral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "gregarious" in the sense that an
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.

Boson

 

bose particle, a particle with zero or integral spin. Bosons obey Bose-Einstein statistics (hence the designation of the particle). Bosons include light quanta, or photons (spin 1); quanta of the gravitational field (if such exist), or gravi-tons (spin 2); unstable elementary particles such as mesons and boson resonances; and also compound particles made up of an even number of fermions (particles of half-integral spin)—for example, atomic nuclei with an even total number of protons and neutrons (a deuteron, a 4He nucleus or alpha particle, and so on); and gas molecules. Bosons are also quasi-particles of integral (or zero) spin—for example, pho-nons in the solid state and in liquid 4He and excitons in semiconductors and dielectrics.

V. P. PAVLOV

boson

[′bō‚sän]
(statistical mechanics)
A particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics; includes photons, pi mesons, and all nuclei having an even number of particles and all particles with integer spin.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the time of the announcement of the long- sought particle, Vickey was leading a team of 100 scientists searching for the Higgs boson using a signature involving two tau particles (a heavy but unstable cousin of the electron).
The search for the Higgs boson is currently taking place at the Large Hadron Collider in a 27-kilometre circular tunnel 100 metres below the French-Swiss border near Geneva.
The Higgs boson is theoretically responsible for mass, without which there would be no gravity and no universe.
I think it would be extremely kind of the Higgs boson to be here," she told a seminar to discuss the findings.
It was clear that Higgs was the dominant name because of the fact his name has become associated with the boson," Prof Hagen told BBC World News.
The Higgs boson has yet to be officially confirmed to 100 percent certainty, and the data collected by the Large Hadron Collider is still being reviewed.
The Higgs Boson Particle gives things their mass, which came as a surprise to me - I didn't even realise it was Catholic.
You had no choice under the circumstances but to try to explain the nature of the Higgs boson and how it relates to everyday experiences--a tall order.
Even if the candidate particle is confirmed to be the Higgs boson, it's not the end of the story.
org/2013/04/01/Win-your-own-Higgs-boson/) announced on Monday that it will give away its fundamental Higgs boson particles to 10 lucky winners.
Though much more time may be needed to identify the precise properties of the particle and whether it fully matched the Higgs boson model, the results achieved so far point to the marvels of science research once driven by theory, sound techniques and, above all, imagination which is, in the words of Albert Einstein, is more important than knowledge.
Mr Myers said: "We never expected to run at this energy, we thought it would take us five years to discover the Higgs boson, running at the machine's maximum energy, so it has been much faster.