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Subcutaneous administration of botulinum toxin A reduces formalin-induced pain.
The therapeutic effects of botulinum toxin depend on this blockade of peripheral neuromuscular activity, which ultimately results in muscular weakness.
The BOTOX(R) trademark identifies the botulinum toxin type A purified neurotoxin complex product manufactured and sold by Allergan.
Seven of the studies reviewed here reported a statistically significant increase in the efficacy or duration of botulinum toxin type A over time.
We have also recently announced the initiation of a new botulinum toxin therapeutic development program based on rational drug design.
The grass-sickness researchers' challenge is to get a new vaccine against the botulinum toxin developed, approved for field trial use and/or lab trial use, and licensed as quickly as possible.
This high-quality, well illustrated manual has proved itself the perfect guide to the clinical use of the different types of botulinum toxins, for both esthetic and medical purposes.
Botulinum toxin A injections were first proposed as headache treatment when it was observed that patients with chronic headaches receiving cosmetic botulinum injections experienced headache improvement, prompting several case series that suggested benefit.
The effects of abobotulinumtoxinA and all botulinum toxin products may spread from the area of injection to produce symptoms consistent with botulinum toxin effects.
Medytox, the Botulinum Toxin brand, occupies the highest market share in Korea, and is also the fourth company in the world successfully developed and produced Botulinum Toxin, leveraging on its outstanding technical capability.
Kane and Sattler present a practical workbook and detailed overview of all aspects of aesthetic botulinum toxin therapy, using drawings, photographs, and on-line film clips to illustrate the procedures described in the text.
While very little is known about the interaction between blood vessels and nerves in the skin, dermatologists are optimistic that the new research exploring how botulinum toxin type A can influence this interaction could lead to a new therapy for chronic inflammatory skin conditions.