typically make up 60 percent to 80 percent of the mammal fossils found at East African fossil sites.
Variation at these 5 microsatellite loci in moose is relatively low, but within the range observed for these loci and other microsatellites in cervids and bovids
Nevertheless, the remains of large bovids
and more distantly obtained raw materials found in levels 11 to 13 suggest that longer-distance movement did occur (Baena Preysler et al.
The late Pliocene bovid
evidence taken together is consistent with a turnover pulse that started 2.
Two further lines of evidence support this; firstly, the remains of horse, red deer, bovids
and other large mammals from the bone heaps are limited to only the lowermost levels (Scott 1986a: 115), suggesting that they represent residual material from the underlying occupation horizons (layers A and 5).
Arctander says he has heard rumors of other new species in the area, including a tortoise, two types of pheasant, and another bovid
The bas-relief carving was made on the convex surface of a plano-convex wand 51mm long, 17mm wide and 7mm thick, made from the rib of a large bovid
, most probably an aurochs (identification by L.
We first analyzed 4 reference experimental isolates in small ruminants: a sheep and a goat with BSE, 2 sheep infected with SSBP/1 or CH1641 scrapie sources, and a bovid
with classical BSE.
Species represented include elephant (Elephas and Stegedon), hippopotamus, suid (Kalpochoerus evonensis), deer (Cervus elaphus), caprid, bovid
(Bos primigenius), gazelle (Gazella cf.
To mimic natural exposure by the bite of a midge, only 20 [micro]L was injected subcutaneously into a 3rd bovid
2011), turned out instead to represent gemsbok (Oryx gazella), a large indigenous bovid
that was common nearby historically and has been identified in other regional archaeological sites (Dewar 2008).
This choice enabled us to obtain precise and comparable data because during this period detection of BSE was based on the mandatory reporting system and on the comprehensive active surveillance program (10,11); these 2 systems are complementary and ensure screening of every bovid
[greater than or equal to] 24 months of age, dead or slaughtered.